Who vs. Whom

By Jaxson

  • Whom

    The pronoun who, in English, is an interrogative pronoun and a relative pronoun, used chiefly to refer to humans.

    Its derived forms include whom, an objective form the use of which is now generally confined to formal English; the possessive form whose; and the emphatic form whoever (also whosoever and whom(so)ever; see also -ever).

  • Who (pronoun)

    What person or people; which person or people; asks for the identity of someone. (used in a direct or indirect question)

    “Who is that? (direct question)”

    “I don’t know who it is. (indirect question)”

  • Who (pronoun)

    What is one’s position; asks whether someone deserves to say or do something.

    “I don’t like what you did, but who am I to criticize you? I’ve done worse.”

  • Who (pronoun)

    The person or people that.

    “It was a nice man who helped us.”

  • Who (pronoun)

    Whoever, he who, they who.

  • Who (noun)

    A person under discussion; a question of which person.

  • Whom (pronoun)

    What person or people; which person or people, as the object of a verb.

    “Whom did you ask?”

  • Whom (pronoun)

    What person or people; which person or people, as the object of a preposition.

    “To whom are you referring?”

    “With whom were you talking?”

  • Whom (pronoun)

    Him; her; them (used as a relative pronoun to refer to a previously mentioned person or people.)

    “He’s a person with whom I work.;”

    “We have ten employees, half of whom are carpenters.”

  • Who (pronoun)

    what or which person or people

    “I wonder who that letter was from”

    “who is that woman?”

  • Who (pronoun)

    used to introduce a clause giving further information about a person or people previously mentioned

    “Joan Fontaine plays the mouse who married the playboy”

  • Who (pronoun)

    the person that; whoever

    “who holds the sea, perforce doth hold the land”

  • Whom (pronoun)

    used instead of ‘who’ as the object of a verb or preposition

    “her mother, in whom she confided, said it wasn’t easy for her”

    “whom did he marry?”

Oxford Dictionary

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