Wine is an alcoholic drink made from fermented grapes. Yeast consumes the sugar in the grapes and converts it to ethanol, carbon dioxide, and heat. Different varieties of grapes and strains of yeasts produce different styles of wine. These variations result from the complex interactions between the biochemical development of the grape, the reactions involved in fermentation, the terroir, and the production process. Many countries enact legal appellations intended to define styles and qualities of wine. These typically restrict the geographical origin and permitted varieties of grapes, as well as other aspects of wine production. Wines not made from grapes include rice wine and fruit wines such as plum, cherry, pomegranate, currant and elderberry.
Wine has been produced for thousands of years. The earliest known traces of wine are from Georgia (c. 6000 BC), Iran (c. 5000 BC), and Sicily (c. 4000 BC) although there is evidence of a similar alcoholic drink being consumed earlier in China (c. 7000 BC). The earliest known winery is the 6,100-year-old Areni-1 winery in Armenia. Wine reached the Balkans by 4500 BC and was consumed and celebrated in ancient Greece, Thrace and Rome. Throughout history, wine has been consumed for its intoxicating effects.Wine has long played an important role in religion. Red wine was associated with blood by the ancient Egyptians and was used by both the Greek cult of Dionysus and the Romans in their Bacchanalia; Judaism also incorporates it in the Kiddush and Christianity in the Eucharist.
“John came home drunk last night — he’d been at the vino again.”
An alcoholic beverage made by fermenting the juice of grapes.
“Wine is stronger than beer.”
“She ordered some wine for the meal.”
An alcoholic beverage made by fermenting the juice of fruits or vegetables other than grapes, usually preceded by the type of the fruit or vegetable; for example, “dandelion wine”.
A serving of wine.
“I’d like three beers and two wines, please.”
A dark purplish red colour; the colour of red wine.
To entertain with wine.
To drink wine.
an alcoholic drink made from fermented grape juice
“he opened a bottle of red wine”
“the regional foods and wines of France”
an alcoholic drink made from the fermented juice of specified other fruits or plants
“a glass of elderflower wine”
short for wine red
“a wine-coloured suit”
entertain someone by offering them drinks and a meal
“members of Congress have been lavishly wined and dined by lobbyists for years”
enjoy oneself by eating and drinking lavishly
“we wined and dined with Bernard’s friends”
dance with rhythmic gyratory movements of the pelvic region
“the crowd jumped and wined and churned the field into mud”