A typewriter is a mechanical or electromechanical machine for writing characters similar to those produced by printer’s movable type. Typically, a typewriter has an array of keys, and pressing one causes a different single character to be produced on the paper, by causing a ribbon with dried ink to be struck against the paper by a type element similar to the sorts used in movable type letterpress printing. Commonly, a separate type element (called a typebar) corresponds to each key, but the mechanism may also use a single type element (such as a typeball) with a different portion of it used for each possible character. At the end of the nineteenth century, the term typewriter was also applied to a person who used a typing machine.
The first commercial typewriters were introduced in 1874, but did not become common in offices until after the mid-1880s. The typewriter quickly became an indispensable tool for practically all writing other than personal handwritten correspondence. It was widely used by professional writers, in offices, and for business correspondence in private homes.
Typewriters were a standard fixture in most offices up to the 1980s. Thereafter, they began to be largely supplanted by the computer. Nevertheless, typewriters remain common in some parts of the world, are required for a few specific applications, and are popular in certain subcultures. In many Indian cities and towns, type writers are still used, especially in road side and legal offices due to a lack of continuous reliable electricity. The QWERTY keyboard continues to be the standard used in computers too.
Notable typewriter manufacturers included E. Remington and Sons, IBM, Godrej, Imperial Typewriter Company, Oliver Typewriter Company, Olivetti, Royal Typewriter Company, Smith Corona, Underwood Typewriter Company, Adler Typewriter Company and Olympia Werke.
A device, at least partially mechanical, used to print text by pressing keys that cause type to be impressed through an inked ribbon onto paper.
One who uses a typewriter; a typist.
A machine gun (from the noise it makes when firing).
A set of keys used to operate a typewriter, computer etc.
A component of many instruments including the piano, organ, and harpsichord consisting of usually black and white keys that cause different tones to be produced when struck.
A device with keys of a musical keyboard, used to control electronic sound-producing devices which may be built into or separate from the keyboard device.
To type on a computer keyboard.
“Keyboarding is the part of this job I hate the most.”