Town vs. Suburb

By Jaxson

Main Difference

The main difference between Town and Suburb is that the Town is a settlement that is bigger than a village but smaller than a city and Suburb is a residential or a mixed use area, either existing as part of a city or urban area or as a separate area.

  • Town

    A town is a form of human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages but smaller than cities, though the size definition for what constitutes a each of these terms varies considerably in a different part of the world

  • Suburb

    A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city. In most English-speaking countries, suburban areas are defined in contrast to central or inner-city areas, but in Australian English and South African English, suburb has become largely synonymous with what is called a “neighborhood” in other countries and the term extends to inner-city areas. In some areas, such as Australia, India, China, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and a few U.S. states, new suburbs are routinely annexed by adjacent cities. In others, such as Saudi Arabia, Canada, France, and much of the United States, many suburbs remain separate municipalities or are governed as part of a larger local government area such as a county.

    Suburbs first emerged on a large scale in the 19th and 20th centuries as a result of improved rail and road transport, which led to an increase in commuting. In general, they have lower population densities than inner city neighborhoods within a metropolitan area, and most residents commute to central cities or other business districts; however, there are many exceptions, including industrial suburbs, planned communities, and satellite cities. Suburbs tend to proliferate around cities that have an abundance of adjacent flat land.

  • Town (noun)

    A settlement; an area with residential districts, shops and amenities, and its own local government; especially one larger than a village and smaller than a city.

    “This town is really dangerous because these youngsters have Beretta handguns.”

  • Town (noun)

    Any more urbanized center than the place of reference.

    “I’ll be in Yonkers, then I’m driving into town to see the Knicks at the Garden tonight.”

  • Town (noun)

    A rural settlement in which a market was held at least once a week.

  • Town (noun)

    The residents (as opposed to gown: the students, faculty, etc.) of a community which is the site of a university.

  • Town (noun)

    Used to refer to a town or similar entity under discussion.

    “Call me when you get to town.”

  • Town (noun)

    A municipal organization, such as a corporation, defined by the laws of the entity of which it is a part.

  • Town (noun)

    An enclosure which surrounded the mere homestead or dwelling of the lord of the manor.

  • Town (noun)

    The whole of the land which constituted the domain.

  • Town (noun)

    A collection of houses enclosed by fences or walls.

  • Town (noun)

    A farm or farmstead; also, a court or farmyard.

  • Suburb (noun)

    A residential area located on the outskirts of a city or large town that usually includes businesses that cater to its residents; such as schools, grocery stores, shopping centers, restaurants, convenience stores, etc.

  • Suburb (noun)

    The outer part; the environment.

  • Suburb (noun)

    Any subdivision of a conurbation, not necessarily on the periphery.

  • Suburb (noun)

    an outlying district of a city, especially a residential one

    “a highly respectable suburb of Chicago”

    “a working-class suburb”

    “life is much better in the suburbs”

Oxford Dictionary

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