Turpentine (also called spirit of turpentine, oil of turpentine, wood turpentine and colloquially turps) is a fluid obtained by the distillation of resin from live trees, mainly pines. It is mainly used as a solvent and as a source of materials for organic synthesis.
Turpentine is composed of terpenes, mainly the monoterpenes alpha-pinene and beta-pinene with lesser amounts of carene, camphene, dipentene, and terpinolene.The word turpentine derives (via French and Latin) from the Greek word τερεβινθίνη terebinthine, the feminine form (to go with the feminine Greek word for resin) of an adjective τερεβίνθινος derived from the Greek noun τερέβινθος, the name for a species of tree, the terebinth tree. Mineral turpentine or other petroleum distillates are used to replace turpentine, but they are very different chemically.
A liquid substance used to thin the consistency of another liquid.
“Turpentine or mineral spirits can be used as a thinner for oil-based paints.”
Something that thins.
“Pomegranate juice and exercise are great natural blood thinners.”
“The new type of mechanical thinner allowed thinning of peach blossoms to be completed earlier.”
“A solid mane thinner is indispensable in finishing the looks of your horse.”
A volatile essential oil obtained from the wood of pine trees by steam distillation; it is a complex mixture of monoterpenes; it is used as a solvent and paint thinner.
To drain resin from (a tree) for use in making turpentine.
a volatile solvent used to make paint or other solutions less viscous
“dampen a clean rag with thinners and carefully wipe any remaining dust from the timber”
a volatile pungent oil distilled from gum turpentine or pine wood, used in mixing paints and varnishes and in liniment.
an oleoresin secreted by certain trees, especially pines, and distilled to make rosin and oil of turpentine.
any of a number of trees which yield turpentine or a similar resin.
apply turpentine to
“antique turpentining equipment”