The main difference between Theory and Paradigm is that the Theory is a contemplative and rational type of abstract or generalizing thinking, or the results of such thinking and Paradigm is a distinct concepts or thought patterns
A theory is a contemplative and rational type of abstract or generalizing thinking, or the results of such thinking. Depending on the context, the results might, for example, include generalized explanations of how nature works. The word has its roots in ancient Greek, but in modern use it has taken on several related meanings.
Theories guide the enterprise of finding facts rather than of reaching goals, and are neutral concerning alternatives among values. A theory can be a body of knowledge, which may or may not be associated with particular explanatory models. To theorize is to develop this body of knowledge.
As already in Aristotle’s definitions, theory is very often contrasted to “practice” (from Greek praxis, πρᾶξις) a Greek term for doing, which is opposed to theory because pure theory involves no doing apart from itself. A classical example of the distinction between “theoretical” and “practical” uses the discipline of medicine: medical theory involves trying to understand the causes and nature of health and sickness, while the practical side of medicine is trying to make people healthy. These two things are related but can be independent, because it is possible to research health and sickness without curing specific patients, and it is possible to cure a patient without knowing how the cure worked.
In modern science, the term “theory” refers to scientific theories, a well-confirmed type of explanation of nature, made in a way consistent with scientific method, and fulfilling the criteria required by modern science. Such theories are described in such a way that any scientist in the field is in a position to understand and either provide empirical support (“verify”) or empirically contradict (“falsify”) it. Scientific theories are the most reliable, rigorous, and comprehensive form of scientific knowledge, in contrast to more common uses of the word “theory” that imply that something is unproven or speculative (which is better characterized by the word hypothesis). Scientific theories are distinguished from hypotheses, which are individual empirically testable conjectures, and from scientific laws, which are descriptive accounts of how nature behaves under certain conditions.
In science and philosophy, a paradigm is a distinct set of concepts or thought patterns, including theories, research methods, postulates, and standards for what constitutes legitimate contributions to a field.
Mental conception; reflection, consideration. 16th-18th c.
A phenomena and correctly predicts new facts or phenomena not previously observed, or which sets out the laws and principles of something known or observed; a hypothesis confirmed by observation, experiment etc. from 17th c.
The underlying principles or methods of a given technical skill, art etc., as opposed to its practice. from 17th c.
A field of study attempting to exhaustively describe a particular class of constructs. from 18th c.
“Knot theory classifies the mappings of a circle into 3-space.”
A hypothesis or conjecture. from 18th c.
A set of axioms together with all statements derivable from them. Equivalently, a formal language plus a set of axioms (from which can then be derived theorems).
“A theory is consistent if it has a model.”
A pattern, a way of doing something, especially a pattern of thought, a system of beliefs, a conceptual framework.
“Thomas Kuhn’s landmark “The Structure of Scientific Revolutions” got people talking about paradigm shifts, to the point the word itself now suggests an incomplete or biased perspective.”
An example serving as the model for such a pattern.
A set of all forms which contain a common element, especially the set of all inflectional forms of a word or a particular grammatical category.
“The paradigm of “go” is “go, went, gone.””
a typical example or pattern of something; a pattern or model
“society’s paradigm of the ‘ideal woman’”
a world view underlying the theories and methodology of a particular scientific subject
“the discovery of universal gravitation became the paradigm of successful science”
a set of linguistic items that form mutually exclusive choices in particular syntactic roles
“English determiners form a paradigm: we can say ‘a book’ or ‘his book’ but not ‘a his book’”
(in the traditional grammar of Latin, Greek, and other inflected languages) a table of all the inflected forms of a particular verb, noun, or adjective, serving as a model for other words of the same conjugation or declension.