Technology vs. Science

By Jaxson

Main Difference

The main difference between Technology and Science is that the Technology is a making, modification, usage, and knowledge of tools, machines, techniques, crafts, systems, and methods of organization and Science is a study and knowledge of the natural world; the natural and social sciences

  • Technology

    Technology (“science of craft”, from Greek τέχνη, techne, “art, skill, cunning of hand”; and -λογία, -logia) is the collection of techniques, skills, methods, and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific investigation. Technology can be the knowledge of techniques, processes, and the like, or it can be embedded in machines to allow for operation without detailed knowledge of their workings. Systems (e. g. machines) applying technology by taking an input, changing it according to the system’s use, and then producing an outcome are referred to as technology systems or technological systems.

    The simplest form of technology is the development and use of basic tools. The prehistoric discovery of how to control fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the available sources of food, and the invention of the wheel helped humans to travel in and control their environment. Developments in historic times, including the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have lessened physical barriers to communication and allowed humans to interact freely on a global scale.

    Technology has many effects. It has helped develop more advanced economies (including today’s global economy) and has allowed the rise of a leisure class. Many technological processes produce unwanted by-products known as pollution and deplete natural resources to the detriment of Earth’s environment. Innovations have always influenced the values of a society and raised new questions in the ethics of technology. Examples include the rise of the notion of efficiency in terms of human productivity, and the challenges of bioethics.

    Philosophical debates have arisen over the use of technology, with disagreements over whether technology improves the human condition or worsens it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and similar reactionary movements criticize the pervasiveness of technology, arguing that it harms the environment and alienates people; proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological progress as beneficial to society and the human condition.

  • Science

    Science (from the Latin word scientia, meaning “knowledge”) is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe.The earliest roots of science can be traced to Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia in around 3500 to 3000 BCE. Their contributions to mathematics, astronomy, and medicine entered and shaped Greek natural philosophy of classical antiquity, whereby formal attempts were made to provide explanations of events in the physical world based on natural causes. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, knowledge of Greek conceptions of the world deteriorated in Western Europe during the early centuries (400 to 1000 CE) of the Middle Ages but was preserved in the Muslim world during the Islamic Golden Age. The recovery and assimilation of Greek works and Islamic inquiries into Western Europe from the 10th to 13th century revived “natural philosophy”, which was later transformed by the Scientific Revolution that began in the 16th century as new ideas and discoveries departed from previous Greek conceptions and traditions. The scientific method soon played a greater role in knowledge creation and it was not until the 19th century that many of the institutional and professional features of science began to take shape; along with the changing of “natural philosophy” to “natural science.”Modern science is typically divided into three major branches that consist of the natural sciences (e.g., biology, chemistry, and physics), which study nature in the broadest sense; the social sciences (e.g., economics, psychology, and sociology), which study individuals and societies; and the formal sciences (e.g., logic, mathematics, and theoretical computer science), which study abstract concepts. There is disagreement, however, on whether the formal sciences actually constitute a science as they do not rely on empirical evidence. Disciplines that use existing scientific knowledge for practical purposes, such as engineering and medicine, are described as applied sciences.Science is based on research, which is commonly conducted in academic and research institutions as well as in government agencies and companies. The practical impact of scientific research has led to the emergence of science policies that seek to influence the scientific enterprise by prioritizing the development of commercial products, armaments, health care, and environmental protection.

  • Technology (noun)

    The organization of knowledge for practical purposes.

  • Technology (noun)

    All the different and usable technologies developed by a culture or people.

  • Technology (noun)

    A discourse or treatise on the arts.

  • Science (noun)

    A particular discipline or branch of learning, especially one dealing with measurable or systematic principles rather than intuition or natural ability. from 14th c.

    “Of course in my opinion Social Studies is more of a science than an art.”

  • Science (noun)

    Specifically the natural sciences.

    “My favorite subjects at school are science, mathematics, and history.”

  • Science (noun)

    Knowledge gained through study or practice; mastery of a particular discipline or area. from 14th c.

  • Science (noun)

    The fact of knowing something; knowledge or understanding of a truth. from 14th c.

  • Science (noun)

    The collective discipline of study or learning acquired through the scientific method; the sum of knowledge gained from such methods and discipline. from 18th c.

  • Science (noun)

    Knowledge derived from scientific disciplines, scientific method, or any systematic effort.

  • Science (noun)

    The scientific community.

  • Science (verb)

    To cause to become versed in science; to make skilled; to instruct.

  • Science (verb)

    To use science to solve a problem.

  • Technology (noun)

    the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, especially in industry

    “advances in computer technology”

    “recycling technologies”

  • Technology (noun)

    machinery and equipment developed from the application of scientific knowledge

    “it will reduce the industry’s ability to spend money on new technology”

  • Technology (noun)

    the branch of knowledge dealing with engineering or applied sciences.

Oxford Dictionary

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