Technology vs. Engineering

By Jaxson

Main Difference

The main difference between Technology and Engineering is that the Technology is a making, modification, usage, and knowledge of tools, machines, techniques, crafts, systems, and methods of organization and Engineering is a applied science

  • Technology

    Technology (“science of craft”, from Greek τέχνη, techne, “art, skill, cunning of hand”; and -λογία, -logia) is the collection of techniques, skills, methods, and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific investigation. Technology can be the knowledge of techniques, processes, and the like, or it can be embedded in machines to allow for operation without detailed knowledge of their workings. Systems (e. g. machines) applying technology by taking an input, changing it according to the system’s use, and then producing an outcome are referred to as technology systems or technological systems.

    The simplest form of technology is the development and use of basic tools. The prehistoric discovery of how to control fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the available sources of food, and the invention of the wheel helped humans to travel in and control their environment. Developments in historic times, including the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have lessened physical barriers to communication and allowed humans to interact freely on a global scale.

    Technology has many effects. It has helped develop more advanced economies (including today’s global economy) and has allowed the rise of a leisure class. Many technological processes produce unwanted by-products known as pollution and deplete natural resources to the detriment of Earth’s environment. Innovations have always influenced the values of a society and raised new questions in the ethics of technology. Examples include the rise of the notion of efficiency in terms of human productivity, and the challenges of bioethics.

    Philosophical debates have arisen over the use of technology, with disagreements over whether technology improves the human condition or worsens it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and similar reactionary movements criticize the pervasiveness of technology, arguing that it harms the environment and alienates people; proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological progress as beneficial to society and the human condition.

  • Engineering

    Engineering is the use of scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other items, including bridges, tunnels, roads, vehicles, and buildings. The discipline of engineering encompasses a broad range of more specialized fields of engineering, each with a more specific emphasis on particular areas of applied mathematics, applied science, and types of application. See glossary of engineering.

    The term engineering is derived from the Latin ingenium, meaning “cleverness” and ingeniare, meaning “to contrive, devise”.

  • Technology (noun)

    The organization of knowledge for practical purposes.

  • Technology (noun)

    All the different and usable technologies developed by a culture or people.

  • Technology (noun)

    A discourse or treatise on the arts.

  • Engineering (noun)

    The application of mathematics and the physical sciences to the needs of humanity and the development of technology.

  • Engineering (noun)

    The area aboard a ship where the engine is located.

  • Engineering (noun)

    Actions controling the motion, shape, and/or substance of any physical object(s).

  • Engineering (noun)

    Designates office area of the professional engineering staff.

  • Technology (noun)

    the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, especially in industry

    “advances in computer technology”

    “recycling technologies”

  • Technology (noun)

    machinery and equipment developed from the application of scientific knowledge

    “it will reduce the industry’s ability to spend money on new technology”

  • Technology (noun)

    the branch of knowledge dealing with engineering or applied sciences.

Oxford Dictionary

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