A team is a group of individuals (human or non-human) working together to achieve their goal.
As defined by Professor Leigh Thompson of the Kellogg School of Management, “[a] team is a group of people who are interdependent with respect to information, resources, and skills and who seek to combine their efforts to achieve a common goal”.A group does not necessarily constitute a team. Teams normally have members with complementary skills
and generate synergy
through a coordinated effort which allows each member to maximize their strengths and minimize their weaknesses. Naresh Jain (2009) claims:
Team members need to learn how to help one another, help other team members realize their true potential, and create an environment that allows everyone to go beyond their limitations.
While academic research on teams and teamwork has grown consistently and has shown a sharp increase over the past recent 40 years, the societal diffusion of teams and teamwork actually followed a volatile trend in the 20th century. The concept was introduced into business in the late 20th century, which was followed by a popularization of the concept of constructing teams. Differing opinions exist on the efficacy of this new management fad.
Some see “team” as a four-letter word: overused and under-useful.
Others see it as a panacea that realizes the human-relations movement’s desire to integrate what that movement perceives as best for workers and as best for managers.
Still others believe in the effectiveness of teams, but also see them as dangerous because of the potential for exploiting workers — in that team effectiveness can rely on peer pressure and peer surveillance.
However, Hackman sees team effectiveness not only in terms of performance: a truly effective team will contribute to the personal well-being and adaptive growth of its members.English-speakers commonly use the word “team” in today’s society to characterise many types of groups. Peter Guy Northouse’s book Leadership: theory and practice
discusses teams from a leadership perspective. According to the team approach to leadership, a team is a type of organizational group of people that are members. A team is composed of members who are dependent on each other, work towards interchangeable achievements, and share common attainments. A team works as a whole together to achieve certain things. A team is usually located in the same setting as it is normally connected to a kind of organization, company, or community. Teams can meet in-person (directly face-to-face) or virtually when practicing their values and activities or duties. A team’s communication is significantly important to their relationship. Ergo, communication is frequent and persistent, and as well are the meetings. The definition of team as an organizational group is not completely set in stone, as organizations have confronted a myriad of new forms of contemporary collaboration. Teams usually have strong organizational structured platforms and respond quickly and efficiently to challenges as they have skills and the capability to do so. An effective organizational team leads to greater productivity, more effective implementation of resources, better decisions and problem-solving, better-quality products/service, and greater innovation and originality.Alongside the concept of a team, compare the more structured/skilled concept of a crew, the advantages of formal and informal partnerships, or the well-defined – but time-limited – existence of task forces.
A team becomes more than just a collection of people when a strong sense of mutual commitment creates synergy, thus generating performance greater than the sum of the performance of its individual members.Thus teams of game players can form (and re-form) to practise their craft/sport. Transport logistics executives can select teams of horses, dogs, or oxen for the purpose of conveying passengers or goods.
A set of draught animals, such as two horses in front of a carriage.
Any group of people involved in the same activity, especially sports or work.
“We need more volunteers for the netball team.”
“The IT manager leads a team of three software developers.”
A group of animals moving together, especially young ducks.
A royalty or privilege granted by royal charter to a lord of a manor, of having, keeping, and judging in his court, his bondmen, neifes, and villains, and their offspring, or suit, that is, goods and chattels, and appurtenances thereto.
To form a group, as for sports or work.
“They teamed to complete the project.”
To go together well; to harmonize.
To convey or haul with a team.
“to team lumber”
To form together into a team.
“to team oxen”
To give work to a gang under a subcontractor.
A number of things or persons being in some relation to one another.
“there is a group of houses behind the hill;”
“he left town to join a Communist group”
“A group of people gathered in front of the Parliament to demonstrate against the Prime Minister’s proposals.”
A set with an associative binary operation, under which there exists an identity element, and such that each element has an inverse.
An effective divisor on a curve.
A (usually small) group of people who perform music together.
“Did you see the new jazz group?”
A small number (up to about fifty) of galaxies that are near each other.
A column in the periodic table of chemical elements.
A functional group.
“Nitro is an electron-withdrawing group.”
A subset of a culture or of a society.
An air force formation.
A collection of formations or rock strata.
A number of users with same rights with respect to accession, modification, and execution of files, computers and peripherals.
An element of an espresso machine from which hot water pours into the portafilter.
A number of eighth, sixteenth, etc., notes joined at the stems; sometimes rather indefinitely applied to any ornament made up of a few short notes.
A set of teams playing each other in the same division, while not during the same period playing any teams that belong to other sets in the division.
A commercial organization.
To put together to form a group.
“group the dogs by hair colour”
To come together to form a group.