Submittals in construction management are shop drawings, material data, samples, and product data. Submittals are required primarily for the architect and engineer to verify that the correct products will be installed on the project.
This process also gives the architect and sub-consultants the opportunity to select colors, patterns, and types of material that were not chosen prior to completion of the construction drawings. This is not an occasion for the architect to select different materials than specified, but rather to clarify the selection within the quality level indicated in the specification and quantities shown on plans.
For materials requiring fabrication, such as reinforcing steel and structural steel, the architect and engineer need to verify details furnished by the fabricator as well as the required quantities are met. The details from the fabricator reflect both material availability and production expediency. One tragic example of a submitted alternate design is the suspension rod and bolting details resulting in the Hyatt Regency walkway collapse. The steel fabricator was unable to produce lengths of steel as originally designed and proposed using shorter lengths. The proposed alternate compounded the loads on the bolts, which resulted in the skywalks collapsing on July 17, 1981. 114 people were killed.
The contractor also uses this information in installation, using dimensions and installation data from the submittal. The construction documents, specifically the technical specifications, require the contractor to submit product data, samples, and shop drawings to the architect and engineer for approval. This is one of the first steps that is taken by the contractor after execution of the construction contract and issuance of the “Notice to Proceed”.
The submittal process affects cost, quality, schedule, and project success. On large, commercial projects the submittal process can involve thousands of different materials, fabrications and equipment. Commercial buildings will often have complex pre-fabricated components. These include: elevators, windows, cabinets, air handling units, generators, appliances and cooling towers. These pieces of equipment often require close coordination to ensure that they receive the correct power, fuel, water and structural support. The submittal process gives another level of detail usually not included as part of the design documents.
An “approved” submittal authorizes quantity and quality of a material or an assembly to be released for fabrication and shipment. It ensures that the submittals have been properly vetted before final ordering. In essence, this is the final quality control mechanism before a product arrives on-site.
Deference (also called submission or passivity) is the condition of submitting to the espoused, legitimate influence of one’s superior or superiors. Deference implies a yielding or submitting to the judgment of a recognized superior, out of respect or reverence. Deference has been studied extensively by political scientists, sociologists, and psychologists.
The act of submitting; submission
Something submitted or to be submitted; a submission.
Data about a product, such as shop drawings, material data, or samples.
The act of submitting or yielding; surrender.
The act of submitting or giving e.g. a completed piece of work.
“Any submissions received after Friday will have marks deducted for lateness.”
The thing which has been submitted.
A submission hold in wrestling, mixed martial arts, or other combat sports.
A subset or component of a mission.
The action or an act of submitting something or to something.
US. Something submitted for consideration or approval, a submission.
the action of accepting or yielding to a superior force or to the will or authority of another person
“they were forced into submission”
an act of surrendering to a hold by one’s opponent.
“servile flattery and submission”
the action of presenting a proposal, application, or other document for consideration or judgement
“reports should be prepared for submission at partners’ meetings”
a proposal, application, or other document presented for consideration or judgement
“a written submission to the UN”
a proposition or argument presented by counsel to a judge or jury
“the judge halted the trial at the end of the prosecution’s submissions”