Sprain vs. Strain

By Jaxson

  • Sprain

    A sprain, also known as a torn ligament, is damage to one or more ligaments in a joint, often caused by trauma or the joint being taken beyond its functional range of motion. The severity of sprain ranges from a minor injury which resolves in a few days to a major rupture of one or more ligaments requiring surgical fixation and a period of immobilization. Sprains can occur in any joint but are most common in the ankle and wrist. An equivalent injury to a muscle or a tendon is known as a strain.

  • Sprain (verb)

    To weaken, as a joint, ligament, or muscle, by sudden and excessive exertion, as by wrenching; to overstrain, or stretch injuriously, but without luxation

    “to sprain one’s ankle”

  • Sprain (noun)

    The act or result of spraining; lameness caused by spraining

    “a bad sprain of the wrist”

  • Strain (noun)


  • Strain (noun)

    The blood-vessel in the yolk of an egg.

  • Strain (noun)

    Race; lineage, pedigree.

  • Strain (noun)

    Hereditary character, quality, or disposition.

    “There is a strain of madness in her family.”

  • Strain (noun)

    A tendency or disposition.

  • Strain (noun)

    Any sustained note or movement; a song; a distinct portion of an ode or other poem; also, the pervading note, or burden, of a song, poem, oration, book, etc.; theme; motive; manner; style

  • Strain (noun)

    A particular breed or race of animal, microbe etc.

    “They say this year’s flu virus is a particularly virulent strain.”

  • Strain (noun)

    A portion of music divided off by a double bar; a complete musical period or sentence; a movement, or any rounded subdivision of a movement.

  • Strain (noun)

    A kind or sort (of person etc.).

  • Strain (noun)

    The act of straining, or the state of being strained.

  • Strain (noun)

    A violent effort; an excessive and hurtful exertion or tension, as of the muscles.

    “he jumped up with a strain;”

    “the strain upon the sailboat’s rigging”

  • Strain (noun)

    An injury resulting from violent effort; a sprain.

  • Strain (noun)

    A dimensionless measure of object deformation either referring to engineering strain or true strain.

  • Strain (noun)

    The track of a deer.

  • Strain (verb)

    To beget, generate (of light), engender, copulate (both of animals and humans), lie with, be born, come into the world.

    “A man straineth, liveth, then dieth.”

    “Man, look at that cat straining that kitty.”

    “ux|en|The sun straineth light. (approx.1225, Homily on the Creed in Cambridge)”

    “ux|en|A wife he nam; a son on her he strained. (circa 1275, Layamon, The Brut)”

    “ux|en|He shall strain on her a swith selely son. (circa 1275, Layamon, The Brut)”

    “ux|en|Eadie is his spouse, whose maid-hood is unwemmed (unviolated), when he, on her, straineth. (circa1225, Hali Meidenhad – Holy Maiden-Hood)”

    “ux|en|Our Drighten sent his high angel Gabriel to ..Zachariah.. to say that he should strain a holy child and clepe it John. (approx.1225, Homilies in Cambridge)”

    “ux|en|Our healand was strained of the heavenly father ere then that heaven or earth shapen (formed) were. (approx.1225, Homilies in Cambridge)”

    “Naked they gan; nis there none of other agramed; ne for their nakedhood ashamed; without lust of sin they strain.”

    “Thy wife is thine alone, only thou mayest strain on her; no other man may strain on thy wife ne mayest thou strain on a wife of another.”

    “ux|en|Sir, as I have a soul, she is an angel; our king has all the Indies in his arms, And more, and richer, when he strains that lady. I cannot blame his conscience. (Shakespeare)”

  • Strain (verb)

    To hold tightly, to clasp.

  • Strain (verb)

    To apply a force or forces to by stretching out.

    “to strain a rope; to strain the shrouds of a ship”

    “Relations between the United States and Guatemala traditionally have been close, although at times strained by human rights and civil/military issues.”

  • Strain (verb)

    To damage by drawing, stretching, or the exertion of force.

    “The gale strained the timbers of the ship.”

  • Strain (verb)

    To act upon, in any way, so as to cause change of form or volume, as when bending a beam.

  • Strain (verb)

    To exert or struggle (to do something), especially to stretch (one’s senses, faculties etc.) beyond what is normal or comfortable.

    “Sitting in back, I strained to hear the speaker.”

  • Strain (verb)

    To stretch beyond its proper limit; to do violence to, in terms of intent or meaning.

    “to strain the law in order to convict an accused person”

  • Strain (verb)

    To separate solid from liquid by passing through a strainer or colander

  • Strain (verb)

    To percolate; to be filtered.

    “water straining through a sandy soil”

  • Strain (verb)

    To make uneasy or unnatural; to produce with apparent effort; to force; to constrain.

  • Strain (verb)

    To urge with importunity; to press.

    “to strain a petition or invitation”


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