The main difference between Society and Culture is that the Society is a group of people related to each other through persistent relations and Culture is a range of human phenomena that cannot be attributed to genetic inheritance
A society is a group of individuals involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same geographical or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations. Societies are characterized by patterns of relationships (social relations) between individuals who share a distinctive culture and institutions; a given society may be described as the sum total of such relationships among its constituent of members. In the social sciences, a larger society often exhibits stratification or dominance patterns in subgroups.
Insofar as it is collaborative, a society can enable its members to benefit in ways that would not otherwise be possible on an individual basis; both individual and social (common) benefits can thus be distinguished, or in many cases found to overlap. A society can also consist of like-minded people governed by their own norms and values within a dominant, larger society. This is sometimes referred to as a subculture, a term used extensively within criminology.
More broadly, and especially within structuralist thought, a society may be illustrated as an economic, social, industrial or cultural infrastructure, made up of, yet distinct from, a varied collection of individuals. In this regard society can mean the objective relationships people have with the material world and with other people, rather than “other people” beyond the individual and their familiar social environment.
Culture () is the social behavior and norms found in human societies. Culture is considered a central concept in anthropology, encompassing the range of phenomena that are transmitted through social learning in human societies. Some aspects of human behavior, social practices such as culture, expressive forms such as art, music, dance, ritual, and religion, and technologies such as tool usage, cooking, shelter, and clothing are said to be cultural universals, found in all human societies. The concept of material culture covers the physical expressions of culture, such as technology, architecture and art, whereas the immaterial aspects of culture such as principles of social organization (including practices of political organization and social institutions), mythology, philosophy, literature (both written and oral), and science comprise the intangible cultural heritage of a society.
In the humanities, one sense of culture as an attribute of the individual has been the degree to which they have cultivated a particular level of sophistication in the arts, sciences, education, or manners. The level of cultural sophistication has also sometimes been seen to distinguish civilizations from less complex societies. Such hierarchical perspectives on culture are also found in class-based distinctions between a high culture of the social elite and a low culture, popular culture, or folk culture of the lower classes, distinguished by the stratified access to cultural capital. In common parlance, culture is often used to refer specifically to the symbolic markers used by ethnic groups to distinguish themselves visibly from each other such as body modification, clothing or jewelry. Mass culture refers to the mass-produced and mass mediated forms of consumer culture that emerged in the 20th century. Some schools of philosophy, such as Marxism and critical theory, have argued that culture is often used politically as a tool of the elites to manipulate the lower classes and create a false consciousness, and such perspectives are common in the discipline of cultural studies. In the wider social sciences, the theoretical perspective of cultural materialism holds that human symbolic culture arises from the material conditions of human life, as humans create the conditions for physical survival, and that the basis of culture is found in evolved biological dispositions.
When used as a count noun, a “culture” is the set of customs, traditions, and values of a society or community, such as an ethnic group or nation. Culture is the set of knowledge acquired over time. In this sense, multiculturalism values the peaceful coexistence and mutual respect between different cultures inhabiting the same planet. Sometimes “culture” is also used to describe specific practices within a subgroup of a society, a subculture (e.g. “bro culture”), or a counterculture. Within cultural anthropology, the ideology and analytical stance of cultural relativism holds that cultures cannot easily be objectively ranked or evaluated because any evaluation is necessarily situated within the value system of a given culture. Yet within philosophy, this stance of cultural relativism is undermined and made inapplicable since such value judgement is itself a product of a given culture.
A long-standing group of people sharing cultural aspects such as language, dress, norms of behavior and artistic forms.
“This society has been known for centuries for its colorful clothing and tight-knit family structure.”
A group of people who meet from time to time to engage in a common interest; an association or organization.
“It was then that they decided to found a society of didgeridoo-playing unicyclists.”
The sum total of all voluntary interrelations between individuals.
“The gap between Western and Eastern societies seems to be narrowing.”
The people of one’s country or community taken as a whole.
“Our global society develops in fits and starts.”
“Smith was first introduced into society at the Duchess of Grand Fenwick’s annual rose garden party.”
A number of people joined by mutual consent to deliberate, determine and act toward a common goal.
the arts, customs, lifestyles, background, and habits that characterize a particular society or nation
the beliefs, values, behaviour and material objects that constitute a people’s way of life
any knowledge passed from one generation to the next, not necessarily with respect to human beings
the process of growing a bacterial or other biological entity in an artificial medium
the growth thus produced
“I’m headed to the lab to make sure my cell culture hasn’t died.”
the collective noun for a group of bacteria
the details on a map that do not represent natural features of the area delineated, such as names and the symbols for towns, roads, meridians, and parallels
to maintain in an environment suitable for growth especially of bacteria cultivate}}
to increase the artistic or scientific interest in something cultivate}}
the aggregate of people living together in a more or less ordered community
“drugs, crime, and other dangers to society”
the community of people living in a particular country or region and having shared customs, laws, and organizations
“modern industrial societies”
“the ethnic diversity of British society”
a specified section of society
“no one in polite society uttered the word”
the aggregate of people who are fashionable, wealthy, and influential, regarded as forming a distinct group in a community
“a society wedding”
a plant or animal community
“the analogy between insect society and human city is not new”
an organization or club formed for a particular purpose or activity
“the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds”
the situation of being in the company of other people
“she shunned the society of others”