A sausage is a cylindrical meat product usually made from ground meat, often pork, beef, or veal, along with salt, spices and other flavourings, and breadcrumbs, encased by a skin. Typically, a sausage is formed in a casing traditionally made from intestine, but sometimes from synthetic materials. Sausages that are sold raw are cooked in many ways, including pan-frying, broiling and barbecuing. Some sausages are cooked during processing and the casing may then be removed.
Sausage making is a traditional food preservation technique. Sausages may be preserved by curing, drying (often in association with fermentation or culturing, which can contribute to preservation), smoking, or freezing. Some cured or smoked sausages can be stored without refrigeration. Most fresh sausages must be refrigerated or frozen until they are cooked.
Sausages come in a huge range of national and regional varieties, which differ by their flavouring or spicing ingredients (garlic, peppers, wine, etc.), the meat(s) used in them and their manner of preparation.
A saveloy is a type of highly seasoned sausage, usually bright red, normally boiled and often available in British fish and chip shops, especially in London, Leeds, Newcastle, and the English Midlands and are occasionally also available fried in batter. The word is believed to originate from the Swiss-French cervelas or servelat, ultimately from the Latin cerebrus; originally a pig brain sausage particularly associated with Switzerland.Although the saveloy was traditionally made from pork brains, the ingredients of a shop-bought sausage are typically pork (58%), water, rusk, pork fat, potato starch, salt, emulsifiers (tetrasodium diphosphate, disodium diphosphate), white pepper, spices, dried sage (sage), preservatives (sodium nitrite, potassium nitrate), and beef collagen casing.The saveloy is mostly eaten with chips. In The Pickwick Papers (Chapter LV) Solomon Pell, an attorney at the Insolvent Court, is described as “regaling himself, business being rather slack, with a cold collation of an Abernethy biscuit and a saveloy”.The saveloy is available in Australia where it is consumed at fairs, fêtes, agricultural shows and sporting events, served on a slice of bread or in a bread roll and liberally covered in tomato sauce. At the turn of the 20th century, the saveloy was described in an Australian court case as a “highly seasoned dry sausage originally made of brains, but now young pork, salted” but by the mid-century it was commonly defined by its size as a 19 cm sausage, as opposed to a frankfurter at 26 cm. This distinction may be due to the frankfurter’s popularisation (as an ingredient of hot dogs). Despite “frankfurter” sausage makers being the target of violence in World War I, the story that saveloys were once frankfurters, renamed due to anti-German sentiment, is purely apocryphal, as far as Australia is concerned.Saveloys are popular in New Zealand and Australia, where they are larger than the English type. Beef and chicken varieties are also available. Although they are sold at fish-and-chip shops as in England, they are commonly bought at butchers’ shops or supermarkets and cooked by boiling at home. Saveloys are known colloquially as “savs”. They are often the basis of the New Zealand battered-sausage-on-a-stick “hot dog”, equivalent to a US corn dog, often sold at fairgrounds and public events. A cocktail sausage is a smaller version of the saveloy, about a quarter of the size, sometimes called a baby sav, a “little boy” or “cheerio”. These are a popular children’s party food in New Zealand and Australia, often served hot alongside sweet, spicy tomato sauce.
Saveloys are also popular in the North East of England where they are eaten hot in a sandwich with pease pudding. Children also eat them with the skins removed as a soft snack, and they can be bought from most local butchers.
A food made of ground meat (or meat substitute) and seasoning, packed in a section of the animal’s intestine, or in a similarly cylindrical shaped synthetic casing; a length of this food.
A sausage-shaped thing.
A term of endearment.
“my little sausage”
To form a sausage-like shape, with a non-uniform cross section.
A seasoned pork sausage, normally purchased ready-cooked
an item of food in the form of a cylindrical length of minced pork or other meat encased in a skin, typically sold raw to be grilled or fried before eating.
minced and seasoned meat encased in a skin and cooked or preserved, sold mainly to be eaten cold in slices
“smoked German sausage”
an object shaped like a sausage
“her hair hung in glossy black sausage curls”
used as an affectionate form of address, especially to a child
“‘Silly sausage,’ he teased”