Manufacturing is the production of products for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation, and is the essence of secondary industry. The term may refer to a range of human activity, from handicraft to high tech, but is most commonly applied to industrial design, in which raw materials from primary industry are transformed into finished goods on a large scale. Such finished goods may be sold to other manufacturers for the production of other more complex products (such as aircraft, household appliances, furniture, sports equipment or automobiles), or distributed via the tertiary industry to end users and consumers (usually through wholesalers, who in turn sell to retailers, who then sell them to individual customers).
Manufacturing engineering or manufacturing process are the steps through which raw materials are transformed into a final product. The manufacturing process begins with the product design, and materials specification from which the product is made. These materials are then modified through manufacturing processes to become the required part.
Modern manufacturing includes all intermediate processes required in the production and integration of a product’s components. Some industries, such as semiconductor and steel manufacturers use the term fabrication instead.
The manufacturing sector is closely connected with engineering and industrial design. Examples of major manufacturers in North America include General Motors Corporation, General Electric, Procter & Gamble, General Dynamics, Boeing, Pfizer, and Precision Castparts. Examples in Europe include Volkswagen Group, Siemens, FCA and Michelin. Examples in Asia include Toyota, Yamaha, Panasonic, LG, Samsung and Tata Motors.
The act of producing, making or creating something. from 15th c.
“The widget making machine is being used for production now.”
The act of bringing something forward, out etc. for use or consideration. from 15th c.
The act of being produced.
“The widgets are coming out of production now.”
The total amount produced.
“They hope to increase spaghetti production next year.”
The presentation of a theatrical work.
“We went to a production of Hamlet.”
An occasion or activity made more complicated than necessary.
“He made a simple meal into a huge production.”
That which is manufactured or is ready for manufacturing in volume (as opposed to a prototype or conceptual model).
“This is the final production model.”
The act of lengthening out or prolonging.
“Each production is implemented with a function.”
The transformation of raw materials into finished products, usually on a large scale.
The industry in which such products are made.
Used in manufacturing.