Prior, derived from the Latin for “earlier, first”, (or prioress for nuns) is an ecclesiastical title for a superior, usually lower in rank than an abbot or abbess. Its earlier generic usage referred to any monastic superior.
Prior; occurring before something else, either in time or order.
“He is no better than the previous Prime Minister.”
Premature; acting or occurring too soon.
An existing criminal record (short for “previous convictions”)
“It turned out the shoplifter had a lot of previous.”
a track record of similar behaviour.
Advance; previous; coming before.
“I had no prior knowledge you were coming.”
“His prior residence was smaller than his current one.”
“The doctor had known three months prior.”
A high-ranking member of a monastery, usually lower in rank than an abbot.
A chief magistrate in Italy.
A previous arrest or criminal conviction on someone’s record. from 19th c.
In Bayesian inference, a prior probability distribution, one based on information or belief before additional data is collected. from 20th c.