Politics vs. Government

By Jaxson

Main Difference

The main difference between Politics and Government is that the Politics is a practice and theory of influencing other people, as in government and Government is a system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state

  • Politics

    Politics is the set of activities associated with the governance of a country, state or an area. It involves making decisions that apply to groups of members.It refers to achieving and exercising positions of governance—organized control over a human community, particularly a state. The academic study focusing on just politics, which is therefore more targeted than general political science, is sometimes referred to as politology (not to be confused with politicology, a synonym for political science).In modern nation-states, people often form political parties to represent their ideas. Members of a party often agree to take the same position on many issues and agree to support the same changes to law and the same leaders.An election is usually a competition between different parties. Some examples of political parties worldwide are: the African National Congress (ANC) in South Africa, the Democratic Party (D) in the United States, the Conservative Party in the United Kingdom, the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) in Germany and the Indian National Congress in India which has the highest number of political parties in the world (2546 political parties) .

    Politics is a multifaceted word. It has a set of fairly specific meanings that are descriptive and nonjudgmental (such as “the art or science of government” and “political principles”), but does often colloquially carry a negative connotation. The word has been used negatively for many years: the British national anthem as published in 1745 calls on God to “Confound their politics”, and the phrase “play politics”, for example, has been in use since at least 1853, when abolitionist Wendell Phillips declared: “We do not play politics; anti-slavery is no half-jest with us.”A variety of methods are deployed in politics, which include promoting one’s own political views among people, negotiation with other political subjects, making laws, and exercising force, including warfare against adversaries. Politics is exercised on a wide range of social levels, from clans and tribes of traditional societies, through modern local governments, companies and institutions up to sovereign states, to the international level. During the past decade two tendencies (1.Concern for theoretical explication and methodological rigor, and 2. The emphasis on field studies of the “emerging,” “new,” and “non-Western” nations) made it possible to overlook comparative politics. A political system is a framework which defines acceptable political methods within a given society. The history of political thought can be traced back to early antiquity, with seminal works such as Plato’s Republic, Aristotle’s Politics, the works of Confucius and Arthashastra and Chanakya neeti by Chanakya in 3rd Century BCE.

  • Government

    A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.In the case of its broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislature, executive, and judiciary. Government is a means by which organizational policies are enforced, as well as a mechanism for determining policy. Each government has a kind of constitution, a statement of its governing principles and philosophy. Typically the philosophy chosen is some balance between the principle of individual freedom and the idea of absolute state authority (tyranny).

    While all types of organizations have governance, the word government is often used more specifically to refer to the approximately 200 independent national governments on Earth, as well as subsidiary organizations.Historically prevalent forms of government include monarchy, aristocracy, timocracy, oligarchy, democracy, theocracy and tyranny. The main aspect of any philosophy of government is how political power is obtained, with the two main forms being electoral contest and hereditary succession.

  • Politics (noun)

    A methodology and activities associated with running a government, an organization, or a movement.

  • Politics (noun)

    The profession of conducting political affairs.

    “He made a career out of politics.”

  • Politics (noun)

    One’s political stands and opinions.

    “Their politics are clear from the bumper stickers on their cars.”

  • Politics (noun)

    Political maneuvers or diplomacy between people, groups, or organizations, especially involving power, influence or conflict.

  • Government (noun)

    The body with the power to make and/or enforce laws to control a country, land area, people or organization.

  • Government (noun)

    The relationship between a word and its dependents

  • Government (noun)

    A group of people who hold a monopoly on the legitimate use of force in a given territory.

  • Government (noun)

    The state and its administration viewed as the ruling political power.

  • Government (noun)

    The management or control of a system.

  • Government (noun)

    The tenure of a chief of state.

  • Government (noun)

    the group of people with the authority to govern a country or state; a particular ministry in office

    “the government’s economic record”

    “successive Labour governments”

  • Government (noun)

    the system by which a state or community is governed

    “a democratic form of government”

  • Government (noun)

    the action or manner of controlling or regulating a state, organization, or people

    “rules for the government of the infirmary”

  • Government (noun)

    the relation between a governed and a governing word.

Oxford Dictionary

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