Persona vs. Personality

By Jaxson

Main Difference

The main difference between Persona and Personality is that the Persona is a character assumed by a writer or a performance artist and Personality is a psychological characteristics of an individual.

  • Persona

    A persona (plural personae or personas), in the word’s everyday usage, is a social role or a character played by an actor. The word is derived from Latin, where it originally referred to a theatrical mask. The Latin word probably derived from the Etruscan word “phersu”, with the same meaning, and that from the Greek πρόσωπον (prosōpon). Its meaning in the latter Roman period changed to indicate a “character” of a theatrical performance or court of law, when it became apparent that different individuals could assume the same role, and legal attributes such as rights, powers, and duties followed the role. The same individuals as actors could play different roles, each with its own legal attributes, sometimes even in the same court appearance. According to other sources, which also admit that the origin of the term is not completely clear, persona could possibly be related to the Latin verb per-sonare, literally: sounding through, with an obvious link to the above-mentioned theatrical mask, which often incorporated a small megaphone.

    In the context of the social web, users create virtual persona which are also termed internet or online identities. Personae in fan fiction and stories written through the medium of the internet are often utilised by authors as a means of subtle self-insertion.

  • Personality

    Personality is defined as the characteristic set of behaviors, cognitions, and emotional patterns that evolve from biological and environmental factors. While there is no generally agreed upon definition of personality, most theories focus on motivation and psychological interactions with one’s environment. Trait-based personality theories, such as those defined by Raymond Cattell define personality as the traits that predict a person’s behavior. On the other hand, more behaviorally based approaches define personality through learning and habits. Nevertheless, most theories view personality as relatively stable.The study of the psychology of personality, called personality psychology, attempts to explain the tendencies that underlie differences in behavior. Many approaches have been taken on to study personality, including biological, cognitive, learning and trait based theories, as well as psychodynamic, and humanistic approaches. Personality psychology is divided among the first theorists, with a few influential theories being posited by Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler, Gordon Allport, Hans Eysenck, Abraham Maslow, and Carl Rogers.

  • Persona (noun)

    A social role.

  • Persona (noun)

    A character played by an actor.

  • Persona (noun)

    The mask or appearance one presents to the world.

  • Persona (noun)

    An imaginary person representing a particular type of client or customer, considered when designing products and services that will appeal to them.

  • Personality (noun)

    A set of non-physical psychological and social qualities that make a person (or thing) distinct from another.

    “The president has a unique personality.”

  • Personality (noun)

    An assumed role or manner of behavior.

    “My work PC emulates a Windows personality.”

    “In his final act, the comedian takes on a child’s personality.”

  • Personality (noun)

    A celebrity.

    “Johnny Carson was a respected television personality.”

  • Personality (noun)

    Charisma, or qualities that make a person stand out from the crowd.

    “The best contestant shows most personality.”

  • Personality (noun)

    Something said or written which refers to the person, conduct, etc., of some individual, especially something of a disparaging or offensive nature; personal remarks.

    “indulgence in personalities”

  • Personality (noun)

    That quality of a law which concerns the condition, state, and capacity of persons.

  • Persona (noun)

    the aspect of someone’s character that is presented to or perceived by others

    “her public persona”

  • Persona (noun)

    a role or character adopted by an author or an actor.

  • Personality (noun)

    the combination of characteristics or qualities that form an individual’s distinctive character

    “she had a sunny personality that was very engaging”

    “she has triumphed by sheer force of personality”

  • Personality (noun)

    lively, engaging qualities

    “she’s always had loads of personality”

  • Personality (noun)

    a celebrity or famous person

    “an official opening by a famous personality”

  • Personality (noun)

    the quality or fact of being a person as distinct from a thing or animal.

  • Personality (noun)

    disparaging remarks about an individual.

Oxford Dictionary

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