Epidural administration (from Ancient Greek ἐπί, “on, upon” + dura mater) is a medical route of administration in which a drug such as epidural analgesia and epidural anaesthesia or contrast agent is injected into the epidural space around the spinal cord. The epidural route is frequently employed by certain physicians and nurse anaesthetists to administer local anaesthetic agents, and occasionally to administer diagnostic (e.g. radiocontrast agents) and therapeutic (e.g., glucocorticoids) chemical substances. Epidural techniques frequently involve injection of drugs through a catheter placed into the epidural space. The injection can result in a loss of sensation—including the sensation of pain—by blocking the transmission of signals through nerve fibres in or near the spinal cord.
The technique of “single-shot” lumbar epidural anaesthesia was first developed in 1921 by Spanish military surgeon Fidel Pagés (1886–1923).
Around the dura mater.
Situated on or outside the dura mater.
An injection of anaesthetic into the epidural space of the spine, especially associated with pain relief during childbirth.