The main difference between Performance Appraisal and Performance Management is that the Performance Appraisal is a method by which the job performance of an employee is documented and evaluated and Performance Management is a a process of ensuring that set of activities and outputs meets an organization’s goals in an effective and efficient manner
A performance appraisal, also referred to as a performance review, performance evaluation, (career) development discussion, or employee appraisal is a method by which the job performance of an employee is documented and evaluated. Performance appraisals are a part of career development and consist of regular reviews of employee performance within organizations.
Performance appraisals are most often conducted by an immediate manager, such as line managers or front-line managers (Tyskbo, 2020]) Annual performance reviews have been criticized (Evans & Tourish, 2017) as providing feedback too infrequently to be useful, and argue performance reviews in general do more harm than good. It is an element of the principal-agent framework, that describes the relationship of information between the employer and employee, and in this case the direct effect and response received when a performance review is conducted.
Performance management (PM) is the process of ensuring that a set of activities and outputs meets an organization’s goals in an effective and efficient manner. Performance management can focus on the performance of an organization, a department, an employee, or the processes in place to manage particular tasks. Performance management standards are generally organized and disseminated by senior leadership at an organization and by task owners, it can include specifying tasks and outcomes of a job, providing timely feedback and coaching, comparing employee’s actual performance and behaviors with desired performance and behaviors, instituting rewards, etc. It is necessary to outline the role of each individual in the organization in terms of functions and responsibilities to ensure that performance management is successful.