Pediment vs. Gable

By Jaxson

Main Difference

The main difference between Pediment and Gable is that the Pediment is a element in classical, neoclassical and baroque architecture and Gable is a generally triangular portion of a wall between the edges of a dual-pitched roof.

  • Pediment

    A pediment is an architectural element found particularly in classical, neoclassical and baroque architecture, and its derivatives, consisting of a gable, usually of a triangular shape, placed above the horizontal structure of the entablature, typically supported by columns. The tympanum, the triangular area within the pediment, is often decorated with relief sculpture.

  • Gable

    A gable is the generally triangular portion of a wall between the edges of intersecting roof pitches. The shape of the gable and how it is detailed depends on the structural system used, which reflects climate, material availability, and aesthetic concerns. A gable wall or gable end more commonly refers to the entire wall, including the gable and the wall below it.

    A parapet made of a series of curves (Dutch gable) or horizontal steps (crow-stepped gable) may hide the diagonal lines of the roof.

    Gable ends of more recent buildings are often treated in the same way as the Classic pediment form. But unlike Classical structures, which operate through trabeation, the gable ends of many buildings are actually bearing-wall structures. Thus, the detailing can be ambiguous or misleading.Gable style is also used in the design of fabric structures, with varying degree sloped roofs, dependent on how much snowfall is expected.

    Sharp gable roofs are a characteristic of the Gothic and classical Greek styles of architecture.The opposite or inverted form of a gable roof is a V-roof or butterfly roof.

  • Pediment (noun)

    A classical architectural element consisting of a triangular section or gable found above the horizontal superstructure (entablature) which lies immediately upon the columns; fronton.

  • Gable (noun)

    The terminating, two sloped roof surfaces (pitches).

  • Pediment (noun)

    the triangular upper part of the front of a classical building, typically surmounting a portico.

  • Pediment (noun)

    a triangular feature surmounting a door, window, or other part of a non-classical building.

  • Pediment (noun)

    a broad, gently sloping expanse of rock debris extending outwards from the foot of a mountain slope, especially in a desert.

  • Gable (noun)

    the triangular upper part of a wall at the end of a ridged roof

    “a house with mock-Tudor gables”

  • Gable (noun)

    a wall topped with a gable.

  • Gable (noun)

    a gable-shaped canopy over a window or door.

Oxford Dictionary

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