Patina vs. Rust

By Jaxson

Main Difference

The main difference between Patina and Rust is that the Patina is a acquired change of an object’s surface through age and exposure and Rust is a type of iron oxide

  • Patina

    Patina (or ) is a thin layer that variously forms on the surface of copper, brass, bronze and similar metals (tarnish produced by oxidation or other chemical processes), or certain stones, and wooden furniture (sheen produced by age, wear, and polishing), or any similar acquired change of a surface through age and exposure.

    Additionally, the term is used to describe the aging of high-quality leather. The patinas on leather goods are unique to the type of leather, frequency of use, and exposure.

    Patinas can provide a protective covering to materials that would otherwise be damaged by corrosion or weathering. They may also be aesthetically appealing.

  • Rust

    Rust is an iron oxide, a usually red oxide formed by the redox reaction of iron and oxygen in the presence of water or air moisture. Several forms of rust are distinguishable both visually and by spectroscopy, and form under different circumstances. Rust consists of hydrated iron(III) oxides Fe2O3┬ĚnH2O and iron(III) oxide-hydroxide (FeO(OH), Fe(OH)3).

    Given sufficient time, oxygen, and water, any iron mass will eventually convert entirely to rust and disintegrate. Surface rust is flaky and

    friable, and it provides no protection to the underlying iron, unlike the formation of patina on copper surfaces. Rusting is the common term for corrosion of iron and its alloys, such as steel. Many other metals undergo similar corrosion, but the resulting oxides are not commonly called rust.Other forms of rust exist, like the result of reactions between iron and chloride in an environment deprived of oxygen. Rebar used in underwater concrete pillars, which generates green rust, is an example. Although rusting is generally a negative aspect of iron, a particular form of rusting, known as “stable rust,” causes the object to have a thin coating of rust over the top, and if kept in low relative humidity, makes the “stable” layer protective to the iron below, but not to the extent of other oxides, such as aluminum.

  • Patina (noun)

    A paten, flat type of dish

  • Patina (noun)

    The colour or incrustation which age and wear give to (mainly metallic) objects; especially, the green rust which covers works of art such as ancient bronzes, coins and medals.

  • Patina (noun)

    A green colour, tinted with grey, like that of bronze patina.

    “color panel|93C592”

  • Patina (noun)

    A gloss or superficial layer.

  • Patina (adjective)

    Of a green colour, tinted with grey, like that of bronze patina.

  • Rust (noun)

    The deteriorated state of iron or steel as a result of moisture and oxidation.

    “The rust on my bicycle chain made cycling to work very dangerous.”

  • Rust (noun)

    A similar substance based on another metal (usually with qualification, such as “copper rust”).

    “aerugo. Green or blue-green copper rust; verdigris. (American Heritage Dictionary, 1973)”

  • Rust (noun)

    A reddish-brown color.

    “color panel|B7410E”

  • Rust (noun)

    A disease of plants caused by a reddish-brown fungus.

  • Rust (verb)

    To oxidize, especially of iron or steel.

    “The patio furniture had rusted in the wind-driven spray.”

  • Rust (verb)

    To cause to oxidize.

    “The wind-driven spray had thoroughly rusted the patio furniture.”

  • Rust (verb)

    To be affected with the parasitic fungus called rust.

  • Rust (verb)

    To (cause to) degenerate in idleness; to make or become dull or impaired by inaction.


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