Pastry vs. Doughnut

By Jaxson

Main Difference

The main difference between Pastry and Doughnut is that the Pastry is a name given to various kinds of baked products and Doughnut is a dessert food.

  • Pastry

    Pastry is a dough of flour, water and shortening (solid fats, including butter) that may be savoury or sweetened. Sweetened pastries are often described as bakers’ confectionery. The word “pastries” suggests many kinds of baked products made from ingredients such as flour, sugar, milk, butter, shortening, baking powder, and eggs. Small tarts and other sweet baked products are called pastries. The French word p√Ętisserie is also used in English (with or without the accent) for the same foods. Common pastry dishes include pies, tarts, quiches and pasties.Pastry can also refer to the pastry dough, from which such baked products are made. Pastry dough is rolled out thinly and used as a base for baked products.

    Pastry is differentiated from bread by having a higher fat content, which contributes to a flaky or crumbly texture. A good pastry is light and airy and fatty, but firm enough to support the weight of the filling. When making a shortcrust pastry, care must be taken to blend the fat and flour thoroughly before adding any liquid. This ensures that the flour granules are adequately coated with fat and less likely to develop gluten. On the other hand, overmixing results in long gluten strands that toughen the pastry. In other types of pastry such as Danish pastry and croissants, the characteristic flaky texture is achieved by repeatedly rolling out a dough similar to that for yeast bread, spreading it with butter, and folding it to produce many thin layers.

  • Doughnut

    A doughnut or donut (both: or ; see spelling differences) is a type of fried dough confectionery or dessert food. The doughnut is popular in many countries and prepared in various forms as a sweet snack that can be homemade or purchased in bakeries, supermarkets, food stalls, and franchised specialty vendors.

    Doughnuts are usually deep fried from a flour dough, and typically either ring-shaped or a number of shapes without a hole, and often filled, but can also be ball-shaped (the “hole”). Other types of batters can also be used, and various toppings and flavorings are used for different types, such as sugar, chocolate, or maple glazing. Doughnuts may also include water, leavening, eggs, milk, sugar, oil, shortening, and natural or artificial flavors.

    The two most common types are the ring doughnut and the filled doughnut, which is injected with fruit preserves, cream, custard, or other sweet fillings. Alternatively, small pieces of dough are sometimes cooked as doughnut holes. Once fried, doughnuts may be glazed with a sugar icing, spread with icing or chocolate on top, or topped with powdered sugar or sprinkles or fruit. Other shapes include rings, balls, flattened spheres, twists, and other forms. Doughnut varieties are also divided into cake (including the old-fashioned) and yeast-risen type doughnuts. Donuts are often accompanied by coffee purchased at doughnut shops or fast food restaurants, but can also be paired with milk.

Wikipedia
  • Pastry (noun)

    A baked food group which contains items made from flour and fat pastes such as pie crust; also tarts, bear claws, napoleons, puff pastries, etc.

    “That pastry shop sells not just pastries, but all kinds of baked goods.”

  • Pastry (noun)

    The type of light flour-based dough used in pastries.

  • Pastry (noun)

    The place where pastry is made.

  • Pastry (noun)

    The act or art of making pastry.

  • Doughnut (noun)

    A deep-fried piece of dough or batter, commonly of a toroidal (a ring doughnut) shape, often mixed with various sweeteners and flavourings; or flattened sphere (a filled doughnut) shape filled with jam, custard or cream.

  • Doughnut (noun)

    Anything in the shape of a torus.

  • Doughnut (noun)

    A peel-out or skid mark in the shape of a circle; a 360-degree skid.

  • Doughnut (noun)

    A spare car tyre, usually stored in the boot, that is smaller than a full-sized tyre and is only intended for temporary use.

Wiktionary

Leave a Comment