Pastry vs. Cake

By Jaxson

Main Difference

The main difference between Pastry and Cake is that the Pastry is a name given to various kinds of baked products and Cake is a bread-like baked dessert.

  • Pastry

    Pastry is a dough of flour, water and shortening (solid fats, including butter) that may be savoury or sweetened. Sweetened pastries are often described as bakers’ confectionery. The word “pastries” suggests many kinds of baked products made from ingredients such as flour, sugar, milk, butter, shortening, baking powder, and eggs. Small tarts and other sweet baked products are called pastries. The French word pâtisserie is also used in English (with or without the accent) for the same foods. Common pastry dishes include pies, tarts, quiches and pasties.Pastry can also refer to the pastry dough, from which such baked products are made. Pastry dough is rolled out thinly and used as a base for baked products.

    Pastry is differentiated from bread by having a higher fat content, which contributes to a flaky or crumbly texture. A good pastry is light and airy and fatty, but firm enough to support the weight of the filling. When making a shortcrust pastry, care must be taken to blend the fat and flour thoroughly before adding any liquid. This ensures that the flour granules are adequately coated with fat and less likely to develop gluten. On the other hand, overmixing results in long gluten strands that toughen the pastry. In other types of pastry such as Danish pastry and croissants, the characteristic flaky texture is achieved by repeatedly rolling out a dough similar to that for yeast bread, spreading it with butter, and folding it to produce many thin layers.

  • Cake

    Cake is a form of sweet dessert that is typically baked. In its oldest forms, cakes were modifications of breads, but cakes now cover a wide range of preparations that can be simple or elaborate, and that share features with other desserts such as pastries, meringues, custards, and pies.

    Typical cake ingredients are flour, sugar, eggs, butter or oil or margarine, a liquid, and leavening agents, such as baking soda or baking powder. Common additional ingredients and flavourings include dried, candied, or fresh fruit, nuts, cocoa, and extracts such as vanilla, with numerous substitutions for the primary ingredients. Cakes can also be filled with fruit preserves, nuts or dessert sauces (like pastry cream), iced with buttercream or other icings, and decorated with marzipan, piped borders, or candied fruit.Cake is often served as a celebratory dish on ceremonial occasions, such as weddings, anniversaries, and birthdays. There are countless cake recipes; some are bread-like, some are rich and elaborate, and many are centuries old. Cake making is no longer a complicated procedure; while at one time considerable labor went into cake making (particularly the whisking of egg foams), baking equipment and directions have been simplified so that even the most amateur cook may bake a cake.

  • Pastry (noun)

    A baked food group which contains items made from flour and fat pastes such as pie crust; also tarts, bear claws, napoleons, puff pastries, etc.

    “That pastry shop sells not just pastries, but all kinds of baked goods.”

  • Pastry (noun)

    The type of light flour-based dough used in pastries.

  • Pastry (noun)

    The place where pastry is made.

  • Pastry (noun)

    The act or art of making pastry.

  • Cake (noun)

    A rich, sweet dessert food, typically made of flour, sugar{{,}} and eggs and baked in an oven, and often covered in icing.

  • Cake (noun)

    A small mass of baked dough, especially a thin loaf from unleavened dough.

    “an oatmeal cake”

    “a johnnycake”

  • Cake (noun)

    A thin wafer-shaped mass of fried batter; a griddlecake or pancake.

    “buckwheat cakes”

  • Cake (noun)

    A block of any of various dense materials.

    “a cake of soap”

    “a cake of sand”

  • Cake (noun)

    A trivially easy task or responsibility; from a piece of cake.

  • Cake (noun)


  • Cake (noun)

    Used to describe the doctrine of having one’s cake and eating it too, particularly regarding the UK’s approach to Brexit negotiations.

  • Cake (verb)

    Coat (something) with a crust of solid material.

    “His shoes are caked with mud.”

  • Cake (verb)

    To form into a cake, or mass.


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