The Internet (portmanteau of interconnected network) is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide. It is a network of networks that consists of private, public, academic, business, and government networks of local to global scope, linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless, and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries a vast range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents and applications of the World Wide Web (WWW), electronic mail, telephony, and file sharing.
The origins of the Internet date back to research commissioned by the federal government of the United States in the 1960s to build robust, fault-tolerant communication with computer networks. The primary precursor network, the ARPANET, initially served as a backbone for interconnection of regional academic and military networks in the 1980s. The funding of the National Science Foundation Network as a new backbone in the 1980s, as well as private funding for other commercial extensions, led to worldwide participation in the development of new networking technologies, and the merger of many networks. The linking of commercial networks and enterprises by the early 1990s marked the beginning of the transition to the modern Internet, and generated a sustained exponential growth as generations of institutional, personal, and mobile computers were connected to the network. Although the Internet was widely used by academia since the 1980s, commercialization incorporated its services and technologies into virtually every aspect of modern life.
Most traditional communication media, including telephony, radio, television, paper mail and newspapers are reshaped, redefined, or even bypassed by the Internet, giving birth to new services such as email, Internet telephony, Internet television, online music, digital newspapers, and video streaming websites. Newspaper, book, and other print publishing are adapting to website technology, or are reshaped into blogging, web feeds and online news aggregators. The Internet has enabled and accelerated new forms of personal interactions through instant messaging, Internet forums, and social networking. Online shopping has grown exponentially both for major retailers and small businesses and entrepreneurs, as it enables firms to extend their “brick and mortar” presence to serve a larger market or even sell goods and services entirely online. Business-to-business and financial services on the Internet affect supply chains across entire industries.
The Internet has no single centralized governance in either technological implementation or policies for access and usage; each constituent network sets its own policies. The overreaching definitions of the two principal name spaces in the Internet, the Internet Protocol address (IP address) space and the Domain Name System (DNS), are directed by a maintainer organization, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). The technical underpinning and standardization of the core protocols is an activity of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), a non-profit organization of loosely affiliated international participants that anyone may associate with by contributing technical expertise. In November 2006, the Internet was included on USA Today’s list of New Seven Wonders.
A fabric or structure of fibrous elements attached to each other at regular intervals.
Any interconnected group or system
“A network of roads crisscrossed the country.”
A directory of people maintained for their advancement
“To get a job in today’s economy, it is important to have a strong network.”
A group of affiliated television stations that broadcast common programs from a parent company.
Multiple computers and other devices connected together to share information
“The copy machine is connected to the network so it can now serve as a printer.”
To interact socially for the purpose of getting connections or personal advancement.
“Many people find it worthwhile to network for jobs and information.”
To connect two or more computers or other computerized devices.
“If we network his machine to the server, he will be able to see all the files.”
To interconnect a group or system.
To broadcast across an entire network of stations and affiliates at the same time.
Any set of computer networks that communicate using the Internet Protocol. (An intranet.)
The Internet, the largest global internet.
An internet connection, internet connectivity, access to the internet.
“Do you have internet at your place?”
“My internet is down and I want to check my email.”
A fictitious unit of scoring, awarded for making outstanding posts.
to use Internet; to search for something using Internet; to surf the Internet
“Having no idea what that means, I am internetting like mad.”