Nice (, French pronunciation: [nis]; Niçard Occitan: Niça, classical norm, or Nissa, nonstandard, pronounced [ˈnisa]; Italian: Nizza [ˈnittsa]; Greek: Νίκαια; Latin: Nicaea) is the seventh most populous urban area in France and the capital of the Alpes-Maritimes département. The metropolitan area of Nice extends beyond the administrative city limits, with a population of about 1 million on an area of 721 km2 (278 sq mi). Located in the French Riviera, on the south east coast of France on the Mediterranean Sea, at the foot of the Alps, Nice is the second-largest French city on the Mediterranean coast and the second-largest city in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region after Marseille. Nice is approximately 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) from the principality of Monaco and 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the French-Italian border. Nice’s airport serves as a gateway to the region.
The city is nicknamed Nice la Belle (Nissa La Bella in Niçard), which means Nice the Beautiful, which is also the title of the unofficial anthem of Nice, written by Menica Rondelly in 1912.
The area of today’s Nice contains Terra Amata, an archaeological site which displays evidence of a very early use of fire. Around 350 BC, Greeks of Marseille founded a permanent settlement and called it Nikaia, after Nike, the goddess of victory. Through the ages, the town has changed hands many times. Its strategic location and port significantly contributed to its maritime strength. For centuries it was a dominion of Savoy, and was then part of France between 1792 and 1815, when it was returned to the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia until its re-annexation by France in 1860.
The natural environment of the Nice area and its mild Mediterranean climate came to the attention of the English upper classes in the second half of the 18th century, when an increasing number of aristocratic families took to spending their winters there. The city’s main seaside promenade, the Promenade des Anglais (“Walkway of the English”) owes its name to visitors to the resort.
The clear air and soft light have particularly appealed to notable painters, such as Marc Chagall, Henri Matisse, Niki de Saint Phalle and Arman. Their work is commemorated in many of the city’s museums, including Musée Marc Chagall, Musée Matisse and Musée des Beaux-Arts.
Nice has the second largest hotel capacity in the country and it is one of its most visited cities, receiving 4 million tourists every year. It also has the third busiest airport in France, after the two main Parisian ones. It is the historical capital city of the County of Nice (Comté de Nice).
Mischievous; tending to misbehave or act badly (especially of a child). from 17th c.
“Some naughty boys at school hid the teacher’s lesson notes.”
Sexually provocative; now in weakened sense, risqué, cheeky. from 19th c.
“I bought some naughty lingerie for my honeymoon.”
“If I see you send another naughty email to your friends, you will be forbidden from using the computer!”
Evil, wicked, morally reprehensible. from 15th c.
Bad, worthless, substandard. 16th-19th c.
Pleasant, satisfactory. from 18th c.
Of a person: friendly, attractive. from 18th c.
Respectable; virtuous. from 18th c.
“What is a nice person like you doing in a place like this?”
With “and”, shows that the given adjective is desirable: pleasantly. from 18th c.
“The soup is nice and hot.”
Silly, ignorant; foolish. 14th-17th c.
Particular in one’s conduct; scrupulous, painstaking; choosy. from 14th c.
Particular as regards rules or qualities; strict. 16th-19th c.
Showing or requiring great precision or sensitive discernment; subtle. from 16th c.
Easily injured; delicate; dainty.
Doubtful, as to the outcome; risky. 16th-19th c.
“Children, play nice.”
“He dresses real nice.”
Used to signify a job well done.
“Nice! I couldn’t have done better.”
Used to signify approval.
“Is that your new car? Nice!”
To run a process with a specified (usually lower) priority.
(especially of a child) badly behaved; disobedient
“you’ve been a really naughty boy”
mildly rude or indecent, typically because related to sex
giving pleasure or satisfaction; pleasant or attractive
“we had a very nice time”
(of a person) good-natured; kind
“he’s a nicer man than Mark”
“Joe had been very nice to her”
not good; unpleasant
“that’s a nice way to come into my kitchen—no greeting!”
(especially of a difference) slight or subtle
“there is a nice distinction between self-sacrifice and martyrdom”
requiring careful consideration
“a nice point”
a resort city on the French Riviera, near the border with Italy; population 348,721 (2007).