Morale vs. Morality

By Jaxson

  • Morale

    Morale, also known as esprit de corps (French pronunciation: ​[ɛspʀi də kɔʀ]), is the capacity of a group’s members to maintain belief in an institution or goal, particularly in the face of opposition or hardship. Morale is often referenced by authority figures as a generic value judgment of the willpower, obedience, and self-discipline of a group tasked with performing duties assigned by a superior. According to Alexander H. Leighton, “morale is the capacity of a group of people to pull together persistently and consistently in pursuit of a common purpose”. Morale is important in the military, because it improves unit cohesion. Without good morale, a force will be more likely to give up or surrender. Morale is usually assessed at a collective, rather than an individual level. In wartime, civilian morale is also important. Esprit de corps is considered to be an important part of a fighting unit.

  • Morality

    Morality (from the Latin moralis “manner, character, proper behavior”) is the differentiation of intentions, decisions and actions between those that are distinguished as proper and those that are improper. Morality can be a body of standards or principles derived from a code of conduct from a particular philosophy, religion or culture, or it can derive from a standard that a person believes should be universal. Morality may also be specifically synonymous with “goodness” or “rightness”.

    Moral philosophy includes moral ontology, which is the origin of morals and moral epistemology, which is the knowledge of morals. Different systems of expressing morality have been proposed, including deontological ethical systems which adhere to a set of established rules, and normative ethical systems which consider the merits of actions themselves. An example of normative ethical philosophy is the Golden Rule, which states that: “One should treat others as one would like others to treat oneself.”

    Immorality is the active opposition to morality (i.e. opposition to that which is good or right), while amorality is variously defined as an unawareness of, indifference toward, or disbelief in any particular set of moral standards or principles.

  • Morale (noun)

    The capacity of people to maintain belief in an institution or a goal, or even in oneself and others.

    “After the layoffs morale was at an all time low, they were so dispirited nothing was getting done.”

    “Morale is an important quality in soldiers. With good morale they’ll charge into a hail of bullets; without it they won’t even cross a street.”

  • Morality (noun)

    Recognition of the behaving in a manner intended to produce morally good results.

  • Morality (noun)

    A set of social rules, customs, traditions, beliefs, or practices which specify proper, acceptable forms of conduct.

  • Morality (noun)

    A set of personal guiding principles for conduct or a general notion of how to behave, whether respectable or not.

  • Morality (noun)

    A lesson or pronouncement which contains advice about proper behavior.

  • Morality (noun)

    Moral philosophy, the branch of philosophy which studies the grounds and nature of rightness, wrongness, good, and evil.

  • Morality (noun)

    A particular theory concerning the grounds and nature of rightness, wrongness, good, and evil.


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