Misogyny vs. Chauvinism

By Jaxson

Main Difference

The main difference between Misogyny and Chauvinism is that the Misogyny is a hatred or dislike of women or girls and Chauvinism is a exaggerated patriotism and a belligerent belief in national superiority.

  • Misogyny

    Misogyny () is the hatred of, contempt for, or prejudice against women or girls. Misogyny can be manifested in numerous ways, including social exclusion, sex discrimination, hostility, androcentrism, patriarchy, male privilege, belittling of women, violence against women, and sexual objectification. Misogyny can occasionally be found within sacred texts of religions and mythologies, and various influential Western philosophers and thinkers have been described as misogynistic.

  • Chauvinism

    Chauvinism is a form of extreme patriotism and a belief in national superiority and glory. Whereas patriotism and nationalism may represent temperate pride, chauvinism is intemperate. It can be also defined as “an irrational belief in the superiority or dominance of one’s own group or people”. Moreover, the chauvinist’s own people are seen as unique and special while the rest of the people are considered weak or inferior.

    According to legend, French soldier Nicolas Chauvin was badly wounded in the Napoleonic wars. He received a pension for his injuries but it was not enough to live on. After Napoleon abdicated, Chauvin was a fanatical Bonapartist despite the unpopularity of this view in Bourbon Restoration France. His single-minded blind devotion to his cause, despite neglect by his faction and harassment by its enemies, started the use of the term.

    Chauvinism has extended from its original use to include fanatical devotion and undue partiality to any group or cause to which one belongs, especially when such partisanship includes prejudice against or hostility toward outsiders or rival groups and persists even in the face of overwhelming opposition. This French quality finds its parallel in the British term jingoism, which has retained the meaning of chauvinism strictly in its original sense; that is, an attitude of belligerent nationalism.

    In modern English, the word has come to be used in some quarters as shorthand for male chauvinism, a trend reflected in Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary, which begins its third example of use of the term chauvinism with “an attitude that the members of your own sex are always better than those of the opposite sex”.

  • Misogyny (noun)

    Hatred of, contempt for, or prejudice against women.

  • Chauvinism (noun)

    Excessive patriotism, eagerness for national superiority; jingoism.

  • Chauvinism (noun)

    Unwarranted bias, favoritism, or devotion to one’s own particular group, cause, or idea.

    “Feminists say that male chauvinism is still prevalent in cultures worldwide.”

  • Misogyny (noun)

    dislike of, contempt for, or ingrained prejudice against women

    “she felt she was struggling against thinly disguised misogyny”

  • Chauvinism (noun)

    exaggerated or aggressive patriotism

    “public opinion was easily moved to chauvinism and nationalism”

  • Chauvinism (noun)

    excessive or prejudiced support for one’s own cause, group, or sex

    “we stand together to stamp out chauvinism and bigotry”

Oxford Dictionary

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