Broadly speaking, liberty is the ability to do as one pleases. In modern politics, liberty is the state of being free within society from oppressive restrictions imposed by authority on one’s way of life, behavior, or political views. In philosophy, liberty involves free will as contrasted with determinism. In theology, liberty is freedom from the effects of “sin, spiritual servitude, [or] worldly ties”.
Sometimes liberty is differentiated from freedom by using the word “freedom” primarily, if not exclusively, to mean the ability to do as one wills and what one has the power to do; and using the word “liberty” to mean the absence of arbitrary restraints, taking into account the rights of all involved. In this sense, the exercise of liberty is subject to capability and limited by the rights of others. Thus liberty entails the responsible use of freedom under the rule of law without depriving anyone else of their freedom. Freedom is more broad in that it represents a total lack of restraint or the unrestrained ability to fulfill one’s desires. For example, a person can have the freedom to murder, but not have the liberty to murder, as the latter example deprives others of their right not to be harmed. Liberty can be taken away as a form of punishment. In many countries, people can be deprived of their liberty if they are convicted of criminal acts.
The word “liberty” is often used in slogans, such as “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” or “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity”.Liberty originates from the Latin word libertas, derived from the name of the goddess Libertas, who, along with the Goddess of Liberty, usually portrays the concept, and the archaic Roman god Liber.
Freedom, generally, is having an ability to act or change without constraint. A thing is “free” if it can change its state easily and is not constrained in its present state. In philosophy and religion, it is associated with having free will and being without undue or unjust constraints, or enslavement, and is an idea closely related to the concept of liberty. A person has the freedom to do things that will not, in theory or in practice, be prevented by other forces. Outside of the human realm, freedom generally does not have this political or psychological dimension. A rusty lock might be oiled so that the key has freedom to turn, undergrowth may be hacked away to give a newly planted sapling freedom to grow, or a mathematician may study an equation having many degrees of freedom. In mechanical engineering, “freedom” describes the number of independent motions that are allowed to a body or system, which is generally referred to as degrees of freedom.”
The condition of being free from control or restrictions.
“The army is here, your liberty is assured.”
The condition of being free from imprisonment, slavery or forced labour.
“The prisoners gained their liberty from an underground tunnel.”
The condition of being free to act, believe or express oneself as one chooses.
“Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.”
Freedom from excessive government control.
A short period when a sailor is allowed ashore.
“We’re going on a three-day liberty as soon as we dock.”
A breach of social convention.
“You needn’t take such liberties.”
A local division of government administration in medieval England.
an empty space next to a group of stones of the same color.
The state of being free, of not being imprisoned or enslaved.
“Having recently been released from prison, he didn’t know what to do with his newfound freedom.”
The lack of a specific constraint, or of constraints in general; a state of being free, unconstrained.
“Freedom of speech is a basic democratic value.”
“People in our city enjoy many freedoms.”
“Every child has a right to freedom from fear and freedom from want.”
Frankness; openness; unreservedness.
Improper familiarity; violation of the rules of decorum.