Holiday vs. Vacation

By Jaxson

Main Difference

The main difference between Holiday and Vacation is that the Holiday is a festive day set aside by custom or by law and Vacation is a leave of absence from a regular occupation, or a specific trip or journey, usually for the purpose of recreation or tourism.

  • Holiday

    A holiday is a day set aside by custom or by law on which normal activities, especially business or work including school, are suspended or reduced. Generally, holidays are intended to allow individuals to celebrate or commemorate an event or tradition of cultural or religious significance. Holidays may be designated by governments, religious institutions, or other groups or organizations. The degree to which normal activities are reduced by a holiday may depend on local laws, customs, the type of job held or personal choices.

    The concept of holidays often originated in connection with religious observances. The intention of a holiday was typically to allow individuals to tend to religious duties associated with important dates on the calendar. In most modern societies, however, holidays serve as much of a recreational function as any other weekend days or activities.

    In many societies there are important distinctions between holidays designated by governments and holidays designated by religious institutions. For example, in many predominantly Christian nations, government-designed holidays may center on Christian holidays, though non-Christians may instead observe religious holidays associated with their faith. In some cases, a holiday may only be nominally observed. For example, many Jews in the Americas and Europe treat the relatively minor Jewish holiday of Hanukkah as a “working holiday”, changing very little of their daily routines for this day.

    The word holiday has differing connotations in different regions. In the United States the word is used exclusively to refer to the nationally, religiously or culturally observed day(s) of rest or celebration, or the events themselves, whereas in the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth nations, the word may refer to the period of time where leave from one’s duties has been agreed, and is used as a synonym to the US preferred vacation. This time is usually set aside for rest, travel or the participation in recreational activities, with entire industries targeted to coincide or enhance these experiences. The days of leave may not coincide with any specific customs or laws. Employers and educational institutes may designate ‘holidays’ themselves which may or may not overlap nationally or culturally relevant dates, which again comes under this connotation, but it is the first implication detailed that this article is concerned with.

  • Vacation

    A vacation, or holiday, is a leave of absence from a regular occupation, or a specific trip or journey, usually for the purpose of recreation or tourism. People often take a vacation during specific holiday observances, or for specific festivals or celebrations. Vacations are often spent with friends or family.A person may take a longer break from work, such as a sabbatical, gap year, or career break.

    The concept of taking a vacation is a recent invention, and has developed through the last two centuries. Historically, the idea of travel for recreation was a luxury that only wealthy people could afford (see Grand Tour). In the Puritan culture of early America, taking a break from work for reasons other than weekly observance of the Sabbath was frowned upon. However, the modern concept of vacation was led by a later religious movement encouraging spiritual retreat and recreation. The notion of breaking from work periodically took root among the middle and working class.

  • Holiday (noun)

    A day on which a festival, religious event, or national celebration is traditionally observed.

    “Today is a Wiccan holiday!”

  • Holiday (noun)

    A day declared free from work by the state or government.

  • Holiday (noun)

    A period of one or more days taken off work for leisure and often travel; often plural (US English: vacation).

  • Holiday (noun)

    (US English: vacation) A period during which pupils do not attend their school; often plural; rarely used for students at university (usually: vacation).

    “I want to take a French course this summer holiday.”

  • Holiday (noun)

    A gap in coverage, e.g. of paint on a surface, or sonar imagery.

  • Holiday (verb)

    To take a period of time away from work or study.

  • Holiday (verb)

    To spend a period of time for travel.

  • Vacation (noun)

    Freedom from some business or activity. from 14th c.

  • Vacation (noun)

    Free time given over to a specific purpose; occupation, activity. 15th-17th c.

  • Vacation (noun)

    A period during which official activity or business is formally suspended; an official holiday from university, law courts etc. from 15th c.

  • Vacation (noun)

    A holiday; a stretch of leisure time away from work or duty and devoted to rest or pleasure. from 19th c.

  • Vacation (noun)

    The act of vacating something; moving out. from 19th c.

    “The Conservative Party’s vacation of the centre ground gave an opportunity to its opponents.”

  • Vacation (noun)

    The act of making legally void.

  • Vacation (verb)

    To spend or take a vacation.

    “This year, we’re vacationing in Mexico.”

  • Holiday (noun)

    an extended period of leisure and recreation, especially one spent away from home or in travelling.

    “I spent my summer holidays on a farm”

    “Fred was on holiday in Spain”

  • Holiday (noun)

    a day of festivity or recreation when no work is done

    “25 December is an official public holiday”

  • Holiday (noun)

    characteristic of a holiday; festive

    “a holiday atmosphere”

  • Holiday (noun)

    a short period during which the payment of instalments, tax, etc. may be suspended

    “a pension holiday”

  • Holiday (verb)

    spend a holiday in a specified place

    “he is holidaying in Italy”

Oxford Dictionary

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