History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning “inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation”) is the study of the past as it is described in written documents. Events occurring before written record are considered prehistory. It is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of information about these events. Scholars who write about history are called historians.
History can also refer to the academic discipline which uses a narrative to examine and analyse a sequence of past events, and objectively determine the patterns of cause and effect that determine them. Historians sometimes debate the nature of history and its usefulness by discussing the study of the discipline as an end in itself and as a way of providing “perspective” on the problems of the present.
Stories common to a particular culture, but not supported by external sources (such as the tales surrounding King Arthur), are usually classified as cultural heritage or legends, because they do not show the “disinterested investigation” required of the discipline of history. Herodotus, a 5th-century BC Greek historian is considered within the Western tradition to be the “father of history”, and, along with his contemporary Thucydides, helped form the foundations for the modern study of human history. Their works continue to be read today, and the gap between the culture-focused Herodotus and the military-focused Thucydides remains a point of contention or approach in modern historical writing. In Asia, a state chronicle, the Spring and Autumn Annals was known to be compiled from as early as 722 BC although only 2nd-century BC texts survived.
Ancient influences have helped spawn variant interpretations of the nature of history which have evolved over the centuries and continue to change today. The modern study of history is wide-ranging, and includes the study of specific regions and the study of certain topical or thematical elements of historical investigation. Often history is taught as part of primary and secondary education, and the academic study of history is a major discipline in university studies.
The aggregate of past events.
“History repeats itself if we don’t learn from its mistakes.”
The branch of knowledge that studies the past; the assessment of notable events.
“He teaches history at the university.”
“History will not look kindly on these tyrants.”
“He dreams of an invention that will make history.”
A set of events involving an entity.
“What is your medical history?”
“The family’s history includes events best forgotten.”
A record or narrative description of past events.
“I really enjoyed Shakespeare’s tragedies more than his histories.”
A list of past and continuing medical conditions of an individual or family.
“A personal medical history is required for the insurance policy.”
“He has a history of cancer in his family.”
A record of previous user events, especially of visited web pages in a browser.
“I visited a great site yesterday but forgot the URL. Luckily, I didn’t clear my history.”
Something that no longer exists or is no longer relevant.
“I told him that if he doesn’t get his act together, he’s history.”
Shared experience or interaction.
“There is too much history between them for them to split up now.”
“He has had a lot of history with the police.”
To narrate or record.
A sequence of real or fictional events; or, an account of such a sequence.
“The book tells the story of two roommates.”
A lie, fiction.
“You’ve been telling stories again, haven’t you?”
A soap opera.
“What will she do without being able to watch her stories?”
A sequence of events, or a situation, such as might be related in an account.
“What’s the story with him?”
“I tried it again; same story, no error message, nothing happened.”
“ux|en|The images it captured help tell a story of extreme loss: 25 percent of its ice and four of its 19 glaciers have disappeared since 1957. File:The images it captured help tell a story.ogg”
}} A temporary collection of a user’s recently publicized snaps.
A building or edifice.
A floor or level of a building; a storey.
“Our shop was on the fourth story of the building, so we had to install an elevator.”
To tell as a story; to relate or narrate about.
an account of imaginary or real people and events told for entertainment
“I’m going to tell you a story”
“an adventure story”
a plot or storyline
“the novel has a good story”
a report of an item of news in a newspaper, magazine, or broadcast
“stories in the local papers”
a piece of gossip; a rumour
“there have been lots of stories going around, as you can imagine”
a false statement; a lie
“Ellie never told stories—she had always believed in the truth”
an account of past events in someone’s life or in the development of something
“the film is based on a true story”
“the story of modern farming”
a particular person’s representation of the facts of a matter
“during police interviews, Harper changed his story”
a situation viewed in terms of the information known about it or its similarity to another
“United kept on trying but it was the same old story—no luck”
“having such information is useful, but it is not the whole story”
the facts about the present situation
“What’s the story on this man? Is he from around here?”
the commercial prospects or circumstances of a particular company
“the investors’ flight to profitable businesses with solid stories”
variant spelling of storey