## Main Difference

The main difference between Hill and Slope is that the **Hill is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain** and **In mathematics, the slope or gradient of a line describes its steepness, incline, or grade; number that describes both the direction and the steepness of the line.**

Hill

A hill is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain. It often has a distinct summit, although in areas with scarp/dip topography a hill may refer to a particular section of flat terrain without a massive summit (e.g. Box Hill, Surrey).

Slope

In mathematics, the slope or gradient of a line is a number that describes both the direction and the steepness of the line. Slope is often denoted by the letter m; there is no clear answer to the question why the letter m is used for slope, but its earliest use in English appears in O’Brien (1844) who wrote the equation of a straight line as “y = mx + b” and it can also be found in Todhunter (1888) who wrote it as “y = mx + c”.Slope is calculated by finding the ratio of the “vertical change” to the “horizontal change” between (any) two distinct points on a line. Sometimes the ratio is expressed as a quotient (“rise over run”), giving the same number for every two distinct points on the same line. A line that is decreasing has a negative “rise”. The line may be practical – as set by a road surveyor, or in a diagram that models a road or a roof either as a description or as a plan.

The steepness, incline, or grade of a line is measured by the absolute value of the slope. A slope with a greater absolute value indicates a steeper line. The direction of a line is either increasing, decreasing, horizontal or vertical.

A line is increasing if it goes up from left to right. The slope is positive, i.e.

m

>

0

{displaystyle m>0}

.

A line is decreasing if it goes down from left to right. The slope is negative, i.e.

m

0

{displaystyle m

.

If a line is horizontal the slope is zero. This is a constant function.

If a line is vertical the slope is undefined (see below).The rise of a road between two points is the difference between the altitude of the road at those two points, say y1 and y2, or in other words, the rise is (y2 − y1) = Δy. For relatively short distances – where the earth’s curvature may be neglected, the run is the difference in distance from a fixed point measured along a level, horizontal line, or in other words, the run is (x2 − x1) = Δx. Here the slope of the road between the two points is simply described as the ratio of the altitude change to the horizontal distance between any two points on the line.

In mathematical language, the slope m of the line is

m

=

y

2

−

y

1

x

2

−

x

1

.

{displaystyle m={frac {y_{2}-y_{1}}{x_{2}-x_{1}}}.}

The concept of slope applies directly to grades or gradients in geography and civil engineering. Through trigonometry, the slope m of a line is related to its angle of incline θ by the tangent function

m

=

tan

(

θ

)

{displaystyle m=tan(theta )}

Thus, a 45° rising line has a slope of +1 and a 45° falling line has a slope of −1.

As a generalization of this practical description, the mathematics of differential calculus defines the slope of a curve at a point as the slope of the tangent line at that point. When the curve is given by a series of points in a diagram or in a list of the coordinates of points, the slope may be calculated not at a point but between any two given points. When the curve is given as a continuous function, perhaps as an algebraic formula, then the differential calculus provides rules giving a formula for the slope of the curve at any point in the middle of the curve.

This generalization of the concept of slope allows very complex constructions to be planned and built that go well beyond static structures that are either horizontals or verticals, but can change in time, move in curves, and change depending on the rate of change of other factors. Thereby, the simple idea of slope becomes one of the main basis of the modern world in terms of both technology and the built environment.

**Wikipedia**

Hill (noun)

An elevated location smaller than a mountain.

“The park is sheltered from the wind by a hill to the east.”

Hill (noun)

A sloping road.

“You need to pick up speed to get up the hill that’s coming up.”

Hill (noun)

A heap of earth surrounding a plant.

Hill (noun)

A single cluster or group of plants growing close together, and having the earth heaped up about them.

“a hill of corn or potatoes”

Hill (noun)

The pitcher’s mound.

Hill (verb)

To form into a heap or mound.

Hill (verb)

To heap or draw earth around plants.

Slope (noun)

An area of ground that tends evenly upward or downward.

“I had to climb a small slope to get to the site.”

Slope (noun)

The degree to which a surface tends upward or downward.

“The road has a very sharp downward slope at that point.”

Slope (noun)

The ratio of the vertical and horizontal distances between two points on a line; zero if the line is horizontal, undefined if it is vertical.

“The slope of this line is 0.5”

Slope (noun)

The slope of the line tangent to a curve at a given point.

“The slope of a parabola increases linearly with x.”

Slope (noun)

The angle a roof surface makes with the horizontal, expressed as a ratio of the units of vertical rise to the units of horizontal length (sometimes referred to as run).

“The slope of an asphalt shingle roof system should be 4:12 or greater.”

Slope (noun)

A person of Chinese or other East Asian descent.

Slope (verb)

To tend steadily upward or downward.

“The road slopes sharply down at that point.”

Slope (verb)

To form with a slope; to give an oblique or slanting direction to; to incline or slant.

“to slope the ground in a garden;”

“to slope a piece of cloth in cutting a garment”

Slope (verb)

To try to move surreptitiously.

“I sloped in through the back door, hoping my boss wouldn’t see me.”

Slope (verb)

To hold a rifle at a slope with forearm perpendicular to the body in front holding the butt, the rifle resting on the shoulder.

“The order was given to “slope arms”.”

Slope (adjective)

Sloping.

Slope (adverb)

slopingly

**Wiktionary**

Slope (noun)

a surface of which one end or side is at a higher level than another; a rising or falling surface

“he slithered helplessly down the slope”

Slope (noun)

a difference in level or sideways position between the two ends or sides of a thing

“the backward slope of the chair”

“the roof should have a slope sufficient for proper drainage”

Slope (noun)

a part of the side of a hill or mountain, especially as a place for skiing

“a ten-minute cable car ride delivers you to the slopes”

Slope (noun)

the gradient of a graph at any point.

Slope (noun)

the mutual conductance of a valve, numerically equal to the gradient of one of the characteristic curves of the valve.

Slope (noun)

a person from East Asia, especially Vietnam.

Slope (verb)

(of a surface or line) be inclined from a horizontal or vertical line; slant up or down

“the garden sloped down to a stream”

“the ceiling sloped”

Slope (verb)

place or arrange in a sloping position

“Poole sloped his shoulders”

Slope (verb)

move in an idle or aimless manner

“I had seen Don sloping about the beach”

Slope (verb)

leave unobtrusively, typically in order to evade work or duty

“the men sloped off looking ashamed of themselves”

**Oxford Dictionary**