Heredity vs. Reproduction

By Jaxson

Main Difference

The main difference between Heredity and Reproduction is that the Heredity is a passing of traits to offspring from its parents or ancestor and Reproduction is a the production of new individuals that contain some portion of genetic material inherited from one or more parent organisms.

  • Heredity

    Heredity is the passing on of traits from parents to their offspring, either through asexual reproduction or sexual reproduction, the offspring cells or organisms acquire the genetic information of their parents. Through heredity, variations between individuals can accumulate and cause species to evolve by natural selection. The study of heredity in biology is genetics.

  • Reproduction

    Reproduction (or procreation or breeding) is the biological process by which new individual organisms – “offspring” – are produced from their “parents”. Reproduction is a fundamental feature of all known life; each individual organism exists as the result of reproduction. There are two forms of reproduction: asexual and sexual.

    In asexual reproduction, an organism can reproduce without the involvement of another organism. Asexual reproduction is not limited to single-celled organisms. The cloning of an organism is a form of asexual reproduction. By asexual reproduction, an organism creates a genetically similar or identical copy of itself. The evolution of sexual reproduction is a major puzzle for biologists. The two-fold cost of sexual reproduction is that only 50% of organisms reproduce and organisms only pass on 50% of their genes.

    Sexual reproduction typically requires the sexual interaction of two specialized organisms, called gametes, which contain half the number of chromosomes of normal cells and are created by meiosis, with typically a male fertilizing a female of the same species to create a fertilized zygote. This produces offspring organisms whose genetic characteristics are derived from those of the two parental organisms.

  • Heredity (noun)

    Hereditary transmission of the physical and genetic qualities of parents to their offspring; the biological law by which living beings tend to repeat their characteristics in their descendants.

  • Reproduction (noun)

    The act of reproducing new individuals biologically.

  • Reproduction (noun)

    The act of making copies.

    “Unauthorized reproduction of this article is prohibited.”

  • Reproduction (noun)

    A copy of something, as in a piece of art; a duplicate.

    “Jim was proud of the w|Rembrandt reproduction he owned.”


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