An orchard is an intentional plantation of trees or shrubs that is maintained for food production. Orchards comprise fruit- or nut-producing trees which are generally grown for commercial production. Orchards are also sometimes a feature of large gardens, where they serve an aesthetic as well as a productive purpose. A fruit garden is generally synonymous with an orchard, although it is set on a smaller non-commercial scale and may emphasize berry shrubs in preference to fruit trees. Most temperate-zone orchards are laid out in a regular grid, with a grazed or mown grass or bare soil base that makes maintenance and fruit gathering easy.
Most orchards are planted for a single variety of fruit. While the importance of introducing biodiversity is recognized in forest plantations, it would seem to be beneficial to introduce some genetic diversity in orchard plantations as well by interspersing other trees through the orchard. Genetic diversity in an orchard would provide resilience to pests and diseases just as in forests .
Orchards are sometimes concentrated near bodies of water where climatic extremes are moderated and blossom time is retarded until frost danger is past.
A small forest.
An orchard of fruit trees.
A place of worship.
A lodge of the Ancient Order of Druids.
To cultivate in groves; to grow naturally so as to form groves.
To cultivate with periodic harvesting that also serves to create order (gaps and lines of trees) to facilitate further harvesting.
To plough or gouge with lines.
A garden or an area of land for the cultivation of fruit or nut trees.
The trees themselves cultivated in such an area.