Groundnut vs. Peanut

By Jaxson

Main Difference

The main difference between Groundnut and Peanut is that the Groundnut is a Wikipedia disambiguation page and Peanut is a species of plant.

  • Groundnut

    Groundnut may refer to:

    Seeds that ripen underground, of the following plants, all in the Faboideae subfamily of the legumes:

    Arachis villosulicarpa

    Bambara groundnut

    Hausa groundnut (Macrotyloma geocarpum)


    Roots and tubers:

    Apios americana

    Conopodium majus

    Dwarf ginseng

  • Peanut

    The peanut, also known as the groundnut, goober, or monkey nut (UK), and taxonomically classified as Arachis hypogaea, is a legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds. It is widely grown in the tropics and subtropics, being important to both small and large commercial producers. It is classified as both a grain legume and, due to its high oil content, an oil crop. World annual production of shelled peanuts was 44 million tonnes in 2016, led by China with 38% of the world total. Atypically among legume crop plants, peanut pods develop underground (geocarpy) rather than aboveground. With this characteristic in mind, the botanist Linnaeus named the species hypogaea, which means “under the earth.”

    As a legume, the peanut belongs to the botanical family Fabaceae; this is also known as Leguminosae, and commonly known as the bean, or pea, family. Like most other legumes, peanuts harbor symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria in root nodules. This capacity to fix nitrogen means peanuts require less nitrogen-containing fertilizer and also improve soil fertility, making them valuable in crop rotations.

    Peanuts are similar in taste and nutritional profile to tree nuts, such as walnuts and almonds, and as a culinary nut are often served in similar ways in Western cuisines. The botanical definition of a “nut” is a fruit whose ovary wall becomes hard at maturity. Using this criterion, the peanut is not a typical nut. However, for culinary purposes and in common English language usage, peanuts are usually referred to as nuts.

  • Groundnut (noun)

    A climbing vine, ver=160928, of eastern North America, having fragrant brownish flowers and small edible tubers.

  • Groundnut (noun)

    Any similar plant having underground tubers.

  • Groundnut (noun)

    The nutlike tuber of such a plant, especially peanuts.

  • Groundnut (noun)

    A plant which bears its nutlike seeds underground, such as a peanut or Bambara groundnut.

  • Peanut (noun)

    A legume resembling a nut, the fruit of the plant Arachis hypogaea.

  • Peanut (verb)

    To pull on somebody’s tie as a prank, causing the knot to tighten.

  • Groundnut (noun)

    another term for peanut

  • Groundnut (noun)

    a North American plant of the pea family, which yields a sweet edible tuber.

  • Peanut (noun)

    the oval seed of a tropical South American plant, often roasted and salted and eaten as a snack or used to make oil or animal feed

    “a bag of dry-roasted peanuts”

  • Peanut (noun)

    the plant of the pea family that bears peanuts, which develop in pods that ripen underground.

  • Peanut (noun)

    a very small or inadequate sum of money

    “he pays peanuts”

  • Peanut (noun)

    small pieces of styrofoam used as packing material.

Oxford Dictionary

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