The main difference between Graphite and Carbon is that the Graphite is a allotrope of carbon, mineral, substance and Carbon is a chemical element with the atomic number of 6
Graphite (), archaically referred to as plumbago, is a crystalline form of the element carbon with its atoms arranged in a hexagonal structure. It occurs naturally in this form and is the most stable form of carbon under standard conditions. Under high pressures and temperatures it converts to diamond. Graphite is used in pencils and lubricants. It is a good conductor of heat and electricity. Its high conductivity makes it useful in electronic products such as electrodes, batteries, and solar panels.
Carbon (from Latin: carbo “coal”) is a chemical element with the symbol C and atomic number 6. It is nonmetallic and tetravalent—making four electrons available to form covalent chemical bonds. It belongs to group 14 of the periodic table. Three isotopes occur naturally, 12C and 13C being stable, while 14C is a radionuclide, decaying with a half-life of about 5,730 years. Carbon is one of the few elements known since antiquity.Carbon is the 15th most abundant element in the Earth’s crust, and the fourth most abundant element in the universe by mass after hydrogen, helium, and oxygen. Carbon’s abundance, its unique diversity of organic compounds, and its unusual ability to form polymers at the temperatures commonly encountered on Earth enables this element to serve as a common element of all known life. It is the second most abundant element in the human body by mass (about 18.5%) after oxygen.The atoms of carbon can bond together in different ways, termed allotropes of carbon. The best known are graphite, diamond, and amorphous carbon. The physical properties of carbon vary widely with the allotropic form. For example, graphite is opaque and black while diamond is highly transparent. Graphite is soft enough to form a streak on paper (hence its name, from the Greek verb “γράφειν” which means “to write”), while diamond is the hardest naturally occurring material known. Graphite is a good electrical conductor while diamond has a low electrical conductivity. Under normal conditions, diamond, carbon nanotubes, and graphene have the highest thermal conductivities of all known materials. All carbon allotropes are solids under normal conditions, with graphite being the most thermodynamically stable form at standard temperature and pressure. They are chemically resistant and require high temperature to react even with oxygen.
The most common oxidation state of carbon in inorganic compounds is +4, while +2 is found in carbon monoxide and transition metal carbonyl complexes. The largest sources of inorganic carbon are limestones, dolomites and carbon dioxide, but significant quantities occur in organic deposits of coal, peat, oil, and methane clathrates. Carbon forms a vast number of compounds, more than any other element, with almost ten million compounds described to date, and yet that number is but a fraction of the number of theoretically possible compounds under standard conditions. For this reason, carbon has often been referred to as the “king of the elements”.
An allotrope of carbon, consisting of planes of carbon atoms arranged in hexagonal arrays with the planes stacked loosely, that is used as a dry lubricant and in “lead” pencils.
Short for graphite-reinforced plastic, a composite plastic made with graphite fibers noted for light weight strength and stiffness.
“Modern tennis racquets are made of graphite, fibreglass and other man-made materials.”
A grey colour.
The chemical element (symbol C) with an atomic number of 6.
An atom of this element, in reference to a molecule containing it.
“A methane molecule is made up of a single carbon with four hydrogens.”
A sheet of carbon paper.
A carbon copy.
A fossil fuel that is made of impure carbon such as coal or charcoal.
Carbon dioxide, in the context of global warming and climate change.
A carbon rod or pencil used in an arc lamp.
A plate or piece of carbon used as one of the elements of a voltaic battery.
To cause (someone) to receive a carbon copy of an email message.
“When I send it, I’ll carbon Julia so she’s aware.”
the chemical element of atomic number 6, a non-metal which has two main forms (diamond and graphite) and which also occurs in impure form in charcoal, soot, and coal.
“a bike with a carbon frame”
a rod of carbon in an arc lamp.
a piece of carbon paper or a carbon copy.
carbon dioxide or other gaseous carbon compounds released into the atmosphere, associated with climate change
“fossil fuel consumption and carbon emissions continued to rise”
“the level of carbon in the atmosphere has been consistently rising”