Governance vs. Government

By Jaxson

Main Difference

The main difference between Governance and Government is that the Governance is a all of the processes of governing, whether undertaken by a government, market or network, whether over a family, tribe, formal or informal organization or territory and whether through the laws, norms, power or language of an organized society and Government is a system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state

  • Governance

    Governance comprises all of the processes of governing – whether undertaken by the government of a state, by a market or by a network – over a social system (family, tribe, formal or informal organization, a territory or across territories) and whether through the laws, norms, power or language of an organized society. It relates to “the processes of interaction and decision-making among the actors involved in a collective problem that lead to the creation, reinforcement, or reproduction of social norms and institutions”.

    In lay terms, it could be described as the political processes that exist in and between formal institutions.

    A variety of entities (known generically as governing bodies) can govern. The most formal is a government, a body whose sole responsibility and authority is to make binding decisions in a given geopolitical system (such as a state) by establishing laws. Other types of governing include an organization (such as a corporation recognized as a legal entity by a government), a socio-political group (chiefdom, tribe, gang, family, religious denomination, etc.), or another, informal group of people. In business and outsourcing relationships, Governance Frameworks are built into relational contracts that foster long-term collaboration and innovation.Governance is the way rules, norms and actions are structured, sustained, regulated and held accountable. The degree of formality depends on the internal rules of a given organization and, externally, with its business partners. As such, governance may take many forms, driven by many different motivations and with many different results. For instance, a government may operate as a democracy where citizens vote on who should govern and the public good is the goal, while a non-profit organization or a corporation may be governed by a small board of directors and pursue more specific aims.

    In addition, a variety of external actors without decision-making power can influence the process of governing. These include lobbies, think tanks, political parties, non-government organizations, community and media.

  • Government

    A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.In the case of its broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislature, executive, and judiciary. Government is a means by which organizational policies are enforced, as well as a mechanism for determining policy. Each government has a kind of constitution, a statement of its governing principles and philosophy. Typically the philosophy chosen is some balance between the principle of individual freedom and the idea of absolute state authority (tyranny).

    While all types of organizations have governance, the word government is often used more specifically to refer to the approximately 200 independent national governments on Earth, as well as subsidiary organizations.Historically prevalent forms of government include monarchy, aristocracy, timocracy, oligarchy, democracy, theocracy and tyranny. The main aspect of any philosophy of government is how political power is obtained, with the two main forms being electoral contest and hereditary succession.

  • Governance (noun)

    The process, or the power, of governing; government or administration.

  • Governance (noun)

    The specific system by which a political system is ruled.

  • Governance (noun)

    The group of people who make up an administrative body.

  • Governance (noun)

    The state of being governed.

  • Governance (noun)

    Accountability for consistent, cohesive policies, processes and decision rights.

  • Government (noun)

    The body with the power to make and/or enforce laws to control a country, land area, people or organization.

  • Government (noun)

    The relationship between a word and its dependents

  • Government (noun)

    A group of people who hold a monopoly on the legitimate use of force in a given territory.

  • Government (noun)

    The state and its administration viewed as the ruling political power.

  • Government (noun)

    The management or control of a system.

  • Government (noun)

    The tenure of a chief of state.

  • Government (noun)

    the group of people with the authority to govern a country or state; a particular ministry in office

    “the government’s economic record”

    “successive Labour governments”

  • Government (noun)

    the system by which a state or community is governed

    “a democratic form of government”

  • Government (noun)

    the action or manner of controlling or regulating a state, organization, or people

    “rules for the government of the infirmary”

  • Government (noun)

    the relation between a governed and a governing word.

Oxford Dictionary

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