# Globe vs. Sphere

By Jaxson

## Main Difference

The main difference between Globe and Sphere is that the Globe is a scale model of a celestial body and Sphere is a round geometrical and circular object in three-dimensional space; special case of spheroid.

• Globe

A globe is a spherical model of Earth, of some other celestial body, or of the celestial sphere. Globes serve similar purposes to maps, but unlike maps, do not distort the surface that they portray except to scale it down. A globe of Earth is called a terrestrial globe. A globe of the celestial sphere is called a celestial globe.

A globe shows details of its subject. A terrestrial globe shows land masses and water bodies. It might show nations and prominent cities and the network of latitude and longitude lines. Some have raised relief to show mountains. A celestial globe shows stars, and may also show positions of other prominent astronomical objects. Typically it will also divide the celestial sphere up into constellations.

The word “globe” comes from the Latin word globus, meaning “sphere”. Globes have a long history. The first known mention of a globe is from Strabo, describing the Globe of Crates from about 150 BC. The oldest surviving terrestrial globe is the Erdapfel, wrought by Martin Behaim in 1492. The oldest surviving celestial globe sits atop the Farnese Atlas, carved in the 2nd century Roman Empire.

• Sphere

A sphere (from Greek σφαῖρα — sphaira, “globe, ball”) is a perfectly round geometrical object in three-dimensional space that is the surface of a completely round ball, (viz., analogous to a circular object in two dimensions).

Like a circle, which geometrically is an object in two-dimensional space, a sphere is defined mathematically as the set of points that are all at the same distance r from a given point, but in three-dimensional space. This distance r is the radius of the ball, and the given point is the center of the mathematical ball. These are also referred to as the radius and center of the sphere, respectively. The longest straight line through the ball, connecting two points of the sphere, passes through the center and its length is thus twice the radius; it is a diameter of the (sphere) ball.

While outside mathematics the terms “sphere” and “ball” are sometimes used interchangeably, in mathematics a distinction is made between the sphere (a two-dimensional closed surface embedded in three-dimensional Euclidean space) and the ball (a three-dimensional shape that includes the sphere as well as everything inside the sphere). This distinction has not always been maintained and there are mathematical references, especially older ones, that talk about a sphere as a solid. This is analogous to the situation in the plane, where the terms “circle” and “disk” are confounded.

Wikipedia
• Globe (noun)

Any spherical (or nearly spherical) object.

“the globe of the eye; the globe of a lamp”

• Globe (noun)

The planet Earth.

• Globe (noun)

A spherical model of Earth or any planet.

• Globe (noun)

A light bulb.

• Globe (noun)

A circular military formation used in Ancient Rome, corresponding to the modern infantry square.

• Globe (noun)

A woman’s breasts.

• Globe (verb)

To become spherical.

• Globe (verb)

To make spherical.

• Sphere (noun)

A regular three-dimensional object in which every cross-section is a circle; the figure described by the revolution of a circle about its diameter from 14th c..

• Sphere (noun)

A spherical physical object; a globe or ball. from 14th c.

• Sphere (noun)

The apparent outer limit of space; the edge of the heavens, imagined as a hollow globe within which celestial bodies appear to be embedded. from 14th c.

• Sphere (noun)

Any of the concentric hollow transparent globes formerly believed to rotate around the heavenly bodies; there were originally believed to be eight, and later nine and ten; friction between them was thought to cause a harmonious sound (the music of the spheres). from 14th c.

• Sphere (noun)

An area of activity for a planet; or by extension, an area of influence for a god, hero etc. from 14th c.

• Sphere (noun)

The region in which something or someone is active; one’s province, domain. from 17th c.

• Sphere (noun)

The set of all points in three-dimensional Euclidean space (or n-dimensional space, in topology) that are a fixed distance from a fixed point from 20th c..

• Sphere (noun)

The extension of a general conception, or the totality of the individuals or species to which it may be applied.

• Sphere (verb)

To place in a sphere, or among the spheres; to ensphere.

• Sphere (verb)

To make round or spherical; to perfect.

Wiktionary
• Globe (noun)

the earth

“goods from all over the globe”

• Globe (noun)

a spherical representation of the earth or of the constellations with a map on the surface.

• Globe (noun)

a spherical or rounded object

“orange trees clipped into giant globes”

• Globe (noun)

a glass sphere protecting a light

“a security light with a frosted glass globe”

• Globe (noun)

a drinking glass shaped approximately like a sphere

“a brandy globe”

• Globe (noun)

a golden orb as an emblem of sovereignty

“a female figure holding a sceptre and globe”

• Globe (noun)

a lightbulb.

• Globe (verb)

form (something) into a globe

“there, in miniature, the world was globed like a fruit”

• Sphere (noun)

a round solid figure, or its surface, with every point on its surface equidistant from its centre.

• Sphere (noun)

a spherical object; a ball or globe

“the markers on the route included two conspicuous black spheres”

• Sphere (noun)

a globe representing the earth

“the room was littered with books, maps, and spheres”

• Sphere (noun)

a celestial body

“he sometimes took out his telescope to make sure the spheres were still revolving in good order”

• Sphere (noun)

the sky perceived as a vault upon or in which celestial bodies are represented as lying.

• Sphere (noun)

each of a series of revolving concentrically arranged spherical shells in which celestial bodies were formerly thought to be set in a fixed relationship.

• Sphere (noun)

an area of activity, interest, or expertise; a section of society or an aspect of life distinguished and unified by a particular characteristic

“political reforms to match those in the economic sphere”

• Sphere (verb)

enclose in or as if in a sphere

“mourners, sphered by their dark garb”

• Sphere (verb)

form into a rounded or perfect whole

“you, hitherto, have still had goodness sphered within your eyes”

Oxford Dictionary
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