Flour vs. Dough

By Jaxson

Main Difference

The main difference between Flour and Dough is that the Flour is a powder which is made by grinding cereal grains and Dough is a paste used in cooking.

  • Flour

    Flour is a powder made by grinding raw grains, roots, beans, nuts or seeds. It is used to make many different foods. Cereal flour is the main ingredient of bread, which is a staple food for most cultures. Wheat flour is one of the most important ingredients in Oceanic, European, South American, North American, Middle Eastern, North Indian and North African cultures, and is the defining ingredient in their styles of breads and pastries.

    Wheat is the most common base for flour. Corn flour has been important in Mesoamerican cuisine since ancient times and remains a staple in the Americas. Rye flour is a constituent of bread in central Europe.

    Cereal flour consists either of the endosperm, germ, and bran together (whole-grain flour) or of the endosperm alone (refined flour). Meal is either differentiable from flour as having slightly coarser particle size (degree of comminution) or is synonymous with flour; the word is used both ways. For example, the word cornmeal often connotes a grittier texture whereas corn flour connotes fine powder, although there is no codified dividing line.

  • Dough

    Dough (/doʊ/ ) is a thick, malleable, sometimes elastic, paste made out of any grains, leguminous or chestnut crops. Dough is typically made by mixing flour with a small amount of water and/or other liquid, and sometimes includes flour yeast or other leavening agents as well as other ingredients such as various fats or flavorings.

    The process of making and shaping dough is a precursor to making a wide variety of foodstuffs, particularly breads and bread-based items, but also including biscuits, cakes, cookies, dumplings, flatbreads, noodles, pasta, pastry, pizza, piecrusts, and similar items. Doughs are made from a wide variety of flours, commonly wheat but also flours made from maize, rice, rye, legumes, almonds, and other cereals and crops used around the world.

  • Flour (noun)

    Powder obtained by grinding or milling cereal grains, especially wheat, or other foodstuffs such as soybeans and potatoes, and used to bake bread, cakes, and pastry.

  • Flour (noun)

    The food made by grinding and bolting cleaned wheat (not durum or red durum) until it meets specified levels of fineness, dryness{{,}} and freedom from bran and germ, also containing any of certain enzymes, ascorbic acid{{,}} and certain bleaching agents.

  • Flour (noun)

    Powder of other material.

    “wood flour, produced by sanding wood”

    “mustard flour”

  • Flour (noun)

    obsolete form of flower

    “that nobody is wished to see my dead body. & that no murnurs walk behind me at my funeral. & that no flours be planted on my grave. — Thomas Hardy, The Mayor of Casterbridge.”

  • Flour (verb)

    To apply flour to something; to cover with flour.

  • Flour (verb)

    To reduce to flour.

  • Flour (verb)

    To break up into fine globules of mercury in the amalgamation process.

  • Dough (noun)

    A thick, malleable substance made by mixing flour with other ingredients such as water, eggs, and/or butter, that is made into a particular form and then baked.

    “Pizza dough is very stretchy.”

  • Dough (noun)


    “His mortgage payments left him short on dough.”

    “Hey Martin, we are playing a hold’em card game for some dough, would you like to join?”

  • Dough (verb)

    To make into dough.

    “The flour was doughed with a suitable quantity of water.”

  • Flour (noun)

    a powder obtained by grinding grain, typically wheat, and used to make bread, cakes, and pastry.

  • Flour (noun)

    fine, soft powder obtained by grinding the seeds or roots of starchy vegetables

    “manioc flour”

  • Flour (verb)

    sprinkle (something, especially a work surface or cooking utensil) with a thin layer of flour.

  • Flour (verb)

    grind (grain) into flour.

  • Dough (noun)

    a thick, malleable mixture of flour and liquid, used for baking into bread or pastry

    “add water to the flour and mix to a manageable dough”

  • Dough (noun)


    “lots of dough”

Oxford Dictionary

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