Physical exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness. It is performed for various reasons, including increasing growth and development, preventing aging, strengthening muscles and the cardiovascular system, honing athletic skills, weight loss or maintenance, and also enjoyment. Frequent and regular physical exercise boosts the immune system and helps prevent certain “diseases of affluence” such as coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and obesity. It may also help prevent stress and depression, increase quality of sleep and act as a non-pharmaceutical sleep aid to treat diseases such as insomnia, help promote or maintain positive self-esteem, improve mental health, maintain steady digestion and treat constipation and gas, regulate fertility health, and augment an individual’s sex appeal or body image. Childhood obesity is a growing global concern, and physical exercise may help decrease some of the effects of childhood and adult obesity. Some care-providers call exercise the “miracle” or “wonder” drug—alluding to the wide variety of benefits that it can provide for many individuals. Aside from the health advantages, these benefits may include different social rewards for staying active while enjoying the environment of one’s culture. Many individuals choose to exercise publicly outdoors where they can congregate in groups, socialize, and appreciate life.
In the United Kingdom two to four hours of light activity are recommended during working hours. This includes walking and standing. In the United States, a 1995 CDC/ACSM consensus statement and a Surgeon General’s 1996 report state that every adult should participate in moderate exercise, such as walking, swimming, and household tasks, for a minimum of 30 minutes daily.
obsolete spelling of exercise|dot=
Any activity designed to develop or hone a skill or ability.
“The teacher told us the next exercise is to write an essay.”
Physical activity intended to improve strength and fitness.
A setting in action or practicing; employment in the proper mode of activity; exertion; application; use.
The performance of an office, ceremony, or duty.
That which gives practice; a trial; a test.
To exert for the sake of training or improvement; to practice in order to develop.
“to exercise troops or horses;”
“to exercise one’s brain with a puzzle”
To perform physical activity for health or training.
“I exercise at the gym every day.”
To use (a right, an option, etc.); to put into practice.
“The tenant exercised its option to renew the tenancy.”
“She is going to exercise her right to vote.”
To occupy the attention and effort of; to task; to tax, especially in a painful or vexatious manner; harass; to vex; to worry or make anxious.
“exercised with pain”
To set in action; to cause to act, move, or make exertion; to give employment to.
activity requiring physical effort, carried out to sustain or improve health and fitness
“exercise improves your heart and lung power”
an activity carried out for a specific purpose
“an exercise in public relations”
a task set to practise or test a skill
“there are exercises at the end of each book to check comprehension”
a military drill or training manoeuvre
“training exercises with the Kuwaiti army”
“Bar Mitzvah exercises”
the use or application of a faculty, right, or process
“the exercise of authority”
use or apply (a faculty, right, or process)
“control is exercised by the Board”
“anyone receiving a suspect package should exercise extreme caution”
engage in physical activity to sustain or improve health and fitness
“she still exercised every day”
exert (part of the body) to promote or improve muscular strength
“raise your knee to exercise the upper leg muscles”
cause (an animal) to take exercise
“she exercised her dogs before breakfast”
occupy the thoughts of; worry or perplex
“Macdougall was greatly exercised about the exchange rate”