Justice is the legal or philosophical theory by which fairness is administered. The concept of justice differs in every culture. An early theory of justice was set out by the Ancient Greek philosopher Plato in his work The Republic. Advocates of divine command theory argue that justice issues from God. In the 17th century, theorists like John Locke argued for the theory of natural law. Thinkers in the social contract tradition argued that justice is derived from the mutual agreement of everyone concerned. In the 19th century, utilitarian thinkers including John Stuart Mill argued that justice is what has the best consequences. Theories of distributive justice concern what is distributed, between whom they are to be distributed, and what is the proper distribution. Egalitarians argued that justice can only exist within the coordinates of equality. John Rawls used a social contract argument to show that justice, and especially distributive justice, is a form of fairness. Property rights theorists (like Robert Nozick) take a deontological view of distributive justice and argue that property rights-based justice maximizes the overall wealth of an economic system. Theories of retributive justice are concerned with punishment for wrongdoing. Restorative justice (also sometimes called “reparative justice”) is an approach to justice that focuses on restoring what is good, and necessarily focuses on the needs of victims and offenders.
The fact of being equal.
The fact of being equal, of having the same value.
The equal treatment of people irrespective of social or cultural differences.
The state or characteristic of being just or fair.
“the justice of a description”
The ideal of fairness, impartiality, etc., especially with regard to the punishment of wrongdoing.
“Justice was served.”
Judgment and punishment of a party who has allegedly wronged another.
“to demand justice”
The civil power dealing with law.
“Ministry of Justice”
“the justice system”
A title given to judges of certain courts; capitalized as a title.
“Mr. Justice Krever presides over the appellate court”
Correctness, conforming to reality or rules.
the state of being equal, especially in status, rights, or opportunities
“an organization aiming to promote racial equality”
a symbolic expression of the fact that two quantities are equal; an equation.