## Main Difference

The main difference between Dimension and Area is that the **Dimension is a minimum number of independent coordinates needed to specify any point within a mathematical space** and **Area is a quantity that expresses the extent of a two-dimensional surface or shape, or planar lamina, in the plane.**

Dimension

In physics and mathematics, the dimension of a mathematical space (or object) is informally defined as the minimum number of coordinates needed to specify any point within it. Thus a line has a dimension of one because only one coordinate is needed to specify a point on it – for example, the point at 5 on a number line. A surface such as a plane or the surface of a cylinder or sphere has a dimension of two because two coordinates are needed to specify a point on it – for example, both a latitude and longitude are required to locate a point on the surface of a sphere. The inside of a cube, a cylinder or a sphere is three-dimensional because three coordinates are needed to locate a point within these spaces.

In classical mechanics, space and time are different categories and refer to absolute space and time. That conception of the world is a four-dimensional space but not the one that was found necessary to describe electromagnetism. The four dimensions of spacetime consist of events that are not absolutely defined spatially and temporally, but rather are known relative to the motion of an observer. Minkowski space first approximates the universe without gravity; the pseudo-Riemannian manifolds of general relativity describe spacetime with matter and gravity. Ten dimensions are used to describe string theory, eleven dimensions can describe supergravity and M-theory, and the state-space of quantum mechanics is an infinite-dimensional function space.

The concept of dimension is not restricted to physical objects. High-dimensional spaces frequently occur in mathematics and the sciences. They may be parameter spaces or configuration spaces such as in Lagrangian or Hamiltonian mechanics; these are abstract spaces, independent of the physical space we live in.

Area

Area is the quantity that expresses the extent of a two-dimensional figure or shape, or planar lamina, in the plane. Surface area is its analog on the two-dimensional surface of a three-dimensional object. Area can be understood as the amount of material with a given thickness that would be necessary to fashion a model of the shape, or the amount of paint necessary to cover the surface with a single coat. It is the two-dimensional analog of the length of a curve (a one-dimensional concept) or the volume of a solid (a three-dimensional concept).

The area of a shape can be measured by comparing the shape to squares of a fixed size. In the International System of Units (SI), the standard unit of area is the square metre (written as m2), which is the area of a square whose sides are one metre long. A shape with an area of three square metres would have the same area as three such squares. In mathematics, the unit square is defined to have area one, and the area of any other shape or surface is a dimensionless real number.

There are several well-known formulas for the areas of simple shapes such as triangles, rectangles, and circles. Using these formulas, the area of any polygon can be found by dividing the polygon into triangles. For shapes with curved boundary, calculus is usually required to compute the area. Indeed, the problem of determining the area of plane figures was a major motivation for the historical development of calculus.For a solid shape such as a sphere, cone, or cylinder, the area of its boundary surface is called the surface area. Formulas for the surface areas of simple shapes were computed by the ancient Greeks, but computing the surface area of a more complicated shape usually requires multivariable calculus.

Area plays an important role in modern mathematics. In addition to its obvious importance in geometry and calculus, area is related to the definition of determinants in linear algebra, and is a basic property of surfaces in differential geometry. In analysis, the area of a subset of the plane is defined using Lebesgue measure, though not every subset is measurable. In general, area in higher mathematics is seen as a special case of volume for two-dimensional regions.Area can be defined through the use of axioms, defining it as a function of a collection of certain plane figures to the set of real numbers. It can be proved that such a function exists.

**Wikipedia**

Dimension (noun)

A single aspect of a given thing.

Dimension (noun)

A measure of spatial extent in a particular direction, such as height, width or breadth, or depth.

Dimension (noun)

A construct whereby objects or individuals can be distinguished.

Dimension (noun)

The number of independent coordinates needed to specify uniquely the location of a point in a space; also, any of such independent coordinates.

Dimension (noun)

The number of elements of any basis of a vector space.

Dimension (noun)

One of the properties that are regarded as fundamental measures of a physical quantity, such as mass, length and time.

“The dimension of velocity is length divided by time.”

Dimension (noun)

Any of the independent ranges of indices in a multidimensional array.

Dimension (noun)

An alternative universe or plane of existence.

Dimension (verb)

To mark, cut or shape something to specified dimensions.

Area (noun)

A measure of the extent of a surface; it is measured in square units.

Area (noun)

A particular geographic region.

Area (noun)

Any particular extent of surface, especially an empty or unused extent.

“The photo is a little dark in that area.”

Area (noun)

The extent, scope, or range of an object or concept.

“The plans are a bit vague in that area.”

Area (noun)

An open space, below ground level, between the front of a house and the pavement.

“title=The Adventure of the Bruce-Partington Plans|passage=We sprang through into the dark passage, closing the area door behind us.”

Area (noun)

Penalty box; penalty area.

Area (noun)

Genitals.

**Wiktionary**

Dimension (noun)

a measurable extent of a particular kind, such as length, breadth, depth, or height

“the drawing must be precise in dimension”

“the final dimensions of the pond were 14 ft x 8 ft”

Dimension (noun)

a mode of linear extension of which there are three in space and two on a flat surface, which corresponds to one of a set of coordinates specifying the position of a point.

Dimension (noun)

an expression for a derived physical quantity in terms of fundamental quantities such as mass, length, or time, raised to the appropriate power (acceleration, for example, having the dimension of length × time⁻²).

Dimension (noun)

an aspect or feature of a situation

“we must focus on the cultural dimensions of the problem”

Dimension (verb)

cut or shape (something) to particular measurements.

Dimension (verb)

mark (a diagram) with measurements.

**Oxford Dictionary**