The main difference between Conscientious and Conscious is that the Conscientious is a personality trait of being orderly and following the rules and Conscious is a quality or state of being aware of an external object.
Conscientiousness is the personality trait of being careful, or vigilant. Conscientiousness implies a desire to do a task well, and to take obligations to others seriously. Conscientious people tend to be efficient and organized as opposed to easy-going and disorderly. They exhibit a tendency to show self-discipline, act dutifully, and aim for achievement; they display planned rather than spontaneous behavior; and they are generally dependable. It is manifested in characteristic behaviors such as being neat and systematic; also including such elements as carefulness, thoroughness, and deliberation (the tendency to think carefully before acting.) Conscientiousness is one of the five traits of both the Five Factor Model and the HEXACO model of personality and is an aspect of what has traditionally been referred to as having character. Conscientious individuals are generally hard-working and reliable. They are also likely to be conformists. When taken to an extreme, they may also be “workaholics”, perfectionists, and compulsive in their behavior. People who score low on conscientiousness tend to be laid back, less goal-oriented, and less driven by success; they also are more likely to engage in antisocial and criminal behavior.
Consciousness is the state or quality of awareness, or, of being aware of an external object or something within oneself. It has been defined variously in terms of sentience, awareness, qualia, subjectivity, the ability to experience or to feel, wakefulness, having a sense of selfhood or soul, the fact that there is something “that it is like” to “have” or “be” it, and the executive control system of the mind. Despite the difficulty in definition, many philosophers believe that there is a broadly shared underlying intuition about what consciousness is. As Max Velmans and Susan Schneider wrote in The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness: “Anything that we are aware of at a given moment forms part of our consciousness, making conscious experience at once the most familiar and most mysterious aspect of our lives.”Western philosophers, since the time of Descartes and Locke, have struggled to comprehend the nature of consciousness and identify its essential properties. Issues of concern in the philosophy of consciousness include whether the concept is fundamentally coherent; whether consciousness can ever be explained mechanistically; whether non-human consciousness exists and if so how can it be recognized; how consciousness relates to language; whether consciousness can be understood in a way that does not require a dualistic distinction between mental and physical states or properties; and whether it may ever be possible for computing machines like computers or robots to be conscious, a topic studied in the field of artificial intelligence.
Thanks to developments in technology over the past few decades, consciousness has become a significant topic of interdisciplinary research in cognitive science, with significant contributions from fields such as psychology, anthropology, neuropsychology and neuroscience. The primary focus is on understanding what it means biologically and psychologically for information to be present in consciousness—that is, on determining the neural and psychological correlates of consciousness. The majority of experimental studies assess consciousness in humans by asking subjects for a verbal report of their experiences (e.g., “tell me if you notice anything when I do this”). Issues of interest include phenomena such as subliminal perception, blindsight, denial of impairment, and altered states of consciousness produced by alcohol and other drugs, or spiritual or meditative techniques.
In medicine, consciousness is assessed by observing a patient’s arousal and responsiveness, and can be seen as a continuum of states ranging from full alertness and comprehension, through disorientation, delirium, loss of meaningful communication, and finally loss of movement in response to painful stimuli. Issues of practical concern include how the presence of consciousness can be assessed in severely ill, comatose, or anesthetized people, and how to treat conditions in which consciousness is impaired or disrupted. The degree of consciousness is measured by standardized behavior observation scales such as the Glasgow Coma Scale.
Thorough, careful, or vigilant in one’s task performance.
“He was a thoughtful and conscientious worker.”
Influenced by conscience; governed by a strict regard to the dictates of conscience, or by the known or supposed rules of right and wrong; — said of a person.
“The advice of wise and conscientious men.”
Alert, faculties active.
“The noise woke me, but it was another few minutes before I was fully conscious.”
Aware of one’s own existence; aware of one’s own awareness.
“Only highly intelligent beings can be fully conscious.”
Aware of, sensitive to; observing and noticing, or being strongly interested in or concerned about.
“I was conscious of a noise behind me.”
“a very class-conscious analysis”
Deliberate, intentional, done with awareness of what one is doing.
Known or felt personally, internally by a person.
The part of the mind that is aware of itself; the consciousness.
wishing to do one’s work or duty well and thoroughly
“a conscientious man, he took his duties very seriously”
relating to a person’s conscience
“the individual is denied even the opportunity to break the law on conscientious grounds”
aware of and responding to one’s surroundings
“although I was in pain, I was conscious”
having knowledge of something
“we are conscious of the extent of the problem”
concerned with or worried about a particular matter
“they were growing increasingly security-conscious”
(of an action or feeling) deliberate and intentional
“a conscious effort to walk properly”
(of the mind or a thought) directly perceptible to and under the control of the person concerned
“when you go to sleep it is only the conscious mind which shuts down”