City vs. Village

By Jaxson

Main Difference

The main difference between City and Village is that the City is a large and permanent human settlement and Village is a small clustered human settlement smaller than a town

  • City

    A city is a large human settlement. Cities generally have extensive systems for housing, transportation, sanitation, utilities, land use, and communication. Their density facilitates interaction between people, government organizations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process.

    Historically, city-dwellers have been a small proportion of humanity overall, but following two centuries of unprecedented and rapid urbanization, roughly half of the world population now lives in cities, which has had profound consequences for global sustainability. Present-day cities usually form the core of larger metropolitan areas and urban areas—creating numerous commuters traveling towards city centers for employment, entertainment, and edification. However, in a world of intensifying globalization, all cities are in different degree also connected globally beyond these regions.

    The most populated city proper is Shanghai while the largest metropolitan areas also include the Greater Tokyo Area and Jabodetabek (Jakarta). The cities of Faiyum, Damascus, and Varanasi are among those laying claim to longest continual inhabitation.

  • Village

    A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand. Though often located in rural areas, the term urban village is also applied to certain urban neighborhoods. Villages are normally permanent, with fixed dwellings; however, transient villages can occur. Further, the dwellings of a village are fairly close to one another, not scattered broadly over the landscape, as a dispersed settlement.

    In the past, villages were a usual form of community for societies that practice subsistence agriculture, and also for some non-agricultural societies. In Great Britain, a hamlet earned the right to be called a village when it built a church. In many cultures, towns and cities were few, with only a small proportion of the population living in them. The Industrial Revolution attracted people in larger numbers to work in mills and factories; the concentration of people caused many villages to grow into towns and cities. This also enabled specialization of labor and crafts, and development of many trades. The trend of urbanization continues, though not always in connection with industrialization.

    Although many patterns of village life have existed, the typical village was small, consisting of perhaps 5 to 30 families. Homes were situated together for sociability and defence, and land surrounding the living quarters was farmed. Traditional fishing villages were based on artisan fishing and located adjacent to fishing grounds.

  • City (noun)

    A large settlement, bigger than a town.

    “São Paulo is one of the largest cities in South America.”

  • City (noun)

    A settlement granted special status by royal charter or letters patent; traditionally, a settlement with a cathedral regardless of size.

  • City (noun)

    The central business district; downtown.

    “I’m going into the city today to do some shopping.”

  • Village (noun)

    A rural habitation of size between a hamlet and a town.

    “There are 2 churches and 3 shops in our village.”

  • Village (noun)

    A rural habitation that has a church, but no market.

  • Village (noun)

    A planned community such as a retirement community or shopping district.

  • Village (noun)

    A gated community.

  • City (noun)

    a large town

    “one of Italy’s most beautiful cities”

    “the city council”

  • City (noun)

    a town created a city by charter and usually containing a cathedral.

  • City (noun)

    a municipal centre incorporated by the state or province.

  • City (noun)

    a place or situation characterized by a specified attribute

    “the staff were in turmoil—it was panic city”

  • City (noun)

    short for City of London

  • City (noun)

    the financial and commercial institutions located in the City of London

    “the Budget got a stony reception from the City”

    “a City analyst”

Oxford Dictionary

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