The main difference between City and Country is that the City is a large and permanent human settlement and Country is a distinct region in geography; a broad term that can include political divisions or regions associated with distinct political characteristics
A city is a large human settlement. Cities generally have extensive systems for housing, transportation, sanitation, utilities, land use, and communication. Their density facilitates interaction between people, government organizations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process.
Historically, city-dwellers have been a small proportion of humanity overall, but following two centuries of unprecedented and rapid urbanization, roughly half of the world population now lives in cities, which has had profound consequences for global sustainability. Present-day cities usually form the core of larger metropolitan areas and urban areas—creating numerous commuters traveling towards city centers for employment, entertainment, and edification. However, in a world of intensifying globalization, all cities are in different degree also connected globally beyond these regions.
The most populated city proper is Shanghai while the largest metropolitan areas also include the Greater Tokyo Area and Jabodetabek (Jakarta). The cities of Faiyum, Damascus, and Varanasi are among those laying claim to longest continual inhabitation.
A country is a region that is identified as a distinct entity in political geography.
A country may be an independent sovereign state or part of a larger state, as a non-sovereign or formerly sovereign political division, or a geographic region associated with sets of previously independent or differently associated people with distinct political characteristics. Regardless of the physical geography, in the modern internationally accepted legal definition as defined by the League of Nations in 1937 and reaffirmed by the United Nations in 1945, a resident of a country is subject to the independent exercise of legal jurisdiction. There is no hard and fast definition of what regions are countries and which are not.
Countries can refer both to sovereign states and to other political entities, while other times it can refer only to states. For example, the CIA World Factbook uses the word in its “Country name” field to refer to “a wide variety of dependencies, areas of special sovereignty, uninhabited islands, and other entities in addition to the traditional countries or independent states”.[Note 1]
A large settlement, bigger than a town.
“São Paulo is one of the largest cities in South America.”
A settlement granted special status by royal charter or letters patent; traditionally, a settlement with a cathedral regardless of size.
The central business district; downtown.
“I’m going into the city today to do some shopping.”
An area of land; a district, region. from 13th c.
A set region of land having particular human occupation or agreed limits, especially inhabited by members of the same race, language speakers etc., or associated with a given person, occupation, species etc. from 13th c.
The territory of a nation, especially an independent nation state or formerly independent nation; a political entity asserting ultimate authority over a geographical area. from 14th c.
A rural area, as opposed to a town or city; the countryside. from 16th c.
ellipsis of country musicfrom 20th c.
The rock through which a vein runs.
The female genitalia, especially the vagina.
From or in the countryside or connected with it.
Of or connected to country music.
a large town
“one of Italy’s most beautiful cities”
“the city council”
a town created a city by charter and usually containing a cathedral.
a municipal centre incorporated by the state or province.
a place or situation characterized by a specified attribute
“the staff were in turmoil—it was panic city”
short for City of London
the financial and commercial institutions located in the City of London
“the Budget got a stony reception from the City”
“a City analyst”
a nation with its own government, occupying a particular territory
“the country’s increasingly precarious economic position”
“Spain, Italy, and other European countries”
the people of a nation
“the whole country took to the streets”
districts and small settlements outside large urban areas or the capital
“a country lane”
“the airfield is right out in the country”
an area or region with regard to its physical features
“a tract of wild country”
a region associated with a particular person, work, or television programme
“an old mansion in Stevenson’s ‘Kidnapped’ country”
short for country music