Automatic vs. Automated

By Jaxson

  • Automated

    Automation can be defined as the technology by which a process or procedure is performed without human assistance.

    In other words, Automation or automatic control, is the use of various control systems for operating equipment such as machinery, processes in factories, boilers and heat treating ovens, switching on telephone networks, steering and stabilization of ships, aircraft and other applications and vehicles with minimal or reduced human intervention. Some processes have been completely automated.

    Automation has been achieved by various means including mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical, electronic devices and computers, usually in combination. Complicated systems, such as modern factories, airplanes and ships typically use all these combined techniques. The benefit of automation include labor savings, savings in electricity costs, savings in material costs, and improvements to quality, accuracy and precision.

    The term automation, inspired by the earlier word automatic (coming from automaton), was not widely used before 1947, when Ford established an automation department. It was during this time that industry was rapidly adopting feedback controllers, which were introduced in the 1930s.

  • Automatic (adjective)

    Capable of operating without external control or intervention.

    “The automatic clothes washer was a great labor-saving device.”

  • Automatic (adjective)

    Done out of habit or without conscious thought.

    “The reaction was automatic: flight!”

  • Automatic (adjective)

    Firing continuously as long as the trigger is pressed until ammunition is exhausted.

    “Fully automatic weapons cannot be legally owned by private citizens in the US, except in very special circumstances, as by private security companies.”

  • Automatic (adjective)

    An autoloader; a semi-automatic or self-loading pistol, as opposed to a revolver or other manually actuated handgun, which fires one shot per pull of the trigger; distinct from machine guns.

    “The US Army adopted John Browning’s M1911 pistol as its sidearm, chambered in .45 ACP (Automatic Colt Pistol).”

  • Automatic (adjective)

    Automatically added to and removed from the stack during the course of function calls.

  • Automatic (adjective)

    Having one or more finite-state automata

  • Automatic (noun)

    A car with automatic transmission.

    “I never learned to drive a stick. I can only drive an automatic.”

  • Automatic (noun)

    A semi-automatic pistol.

    “The G-men raiding the speakeasy were equipped with .45 automatics, while the local policemen were carrying revolvers and shotguns.”

  • Automated (adjective)

    Made automatic

  • Automated (adjective)

    Done by machine.


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