Anger or wrath is an intense negative emotion. It involves a strong uncomfortable and hostile response to a perceived provocation, hurt or threat. Anger can occur when a person feels their personal boundaries are being or are going to be violated. Some have a learned tendency to react to anger through retaliation as a way of coping. Raymond Novaco of University of California Irvine, who since 1975 has published a plethora of literature on the subject, stratified anger into three modalities: cognitive (appraisals), somatic-affective (tension and agitations), and behavioral (withdrawal and antagonism). William DeFoore, an anger management writer, described anger as a pressure cooker: we can only apply pressure against our anger for a certain amount of time until it explodes.Anger is an emotional reaction that impacts the body. A person experiencing anger will also experience physical conditions, such as increased heart rate, elevated blood pressure, and increased levels of adrenaline and noradrenaline. Some view anger as an emotion which triggers part of the fight or flight brain response. Anger is used as a protective mechanism to cover up fear, hurt or sadness. Anger becomes the predominant feeling behaviorally, cognitively, and physiologically when a person makes the conscious choice to take action to immediately stop the threatening behavior of another outside force. The English term originally comes from the term anger of Old Norse language. Anger can have many physical and mental consequences.
The external expression of anger can be found in facial expressions, body language, physiological responses, and at times public acts of aggression. Facial expressions can range from inward angling of the eyebrows to a full frown. Some animals, for example, make loud sounds, attempt to look physically larger, bare their teeth, and stare. The behaviors associated with anger are designed to warn aggressors to stop their threatening behavior. Rarely does a physical altercation occur without the prior expression of anger by at least one of the participants. While most of those who experience anger explain its arousal as a result of “what has happened to them,” psychologists point out that an angry person can very well be mistaken because anger causes a loss in self-monitoring capacity and objective observability.Modern psychologists view anger as a primary, natural, and mature emotion experienced by virtually all humans at times, and as something that has functional value for survival. Anger is seen as a supportive mechanism to show a person that something is wrong and requires changing. Anger can mobilize psychological resources for corrective action. Uncontrolled anger can, however, negatively affect personal or social well-being and impact negatively on those around them. It is equally challenging to be around an angry person and the impact can also cause psychological/emotional trauma if not dealt with. While many philosophers and writers have warned against the spontaneous and uncontrolled fits of anger, there has been disagreement over the intrinsic value of anger. The issue of dealing with anger has been written about since the times of the earliest philosophers, but modern psychologists, in contrast to earlier writers, have also pointed out the possible harmful effects of suppressing anger. Displays of anger can be used as a manipulation strategy for social influence.
A strong feeling of displeasure, hostility or antagonism towards someone or something, usually combined with an urge to harm.
“You need to control your anger.”
Pain or stinging.
To cause such a feeling of antagonism in.
“He who angers you conquers you.”
To become angry.
“You anger too easily.”
Insane; crazy, mentally deranged.
“You want to spend $1000 on a pair of shoes? Are you mad?”
“He’s got this mad idea that he’s irresistible to women.”
“Are you mad at me?”
Wildly confused or excited.
“to be mad with terror, lust, or hatred”
Extremely foolish or unwise; irrational; imprudent.
Extremely enthusiastic about; crazy about; infatuated with; overcome with desire for.
“Aren’t you just mad for that red dress?”
Abnormally ferocious or furious; or, rabid, affected with rabies.
“a mad dog”
Intensifier, signifies an abundance or high quality of a thing; very, much or many.
“I gotta give you mad props for scoring us those tickets.”
“Their lead guitarist has mad skills.”
“There are always mad girls at those parties.”
Having impaired polarity.
Intensifier; to a large degree; unbelievably.
“He was driving mad slow.”
“It’s mad hot today.”
“He seems mad keen on her.”
To be or become mad. 14th-19th c.
To madden, to anger, to frustrate. from 15th c.
a strong feeling of annoyance, displeasure, or hostility
“the colonel’s anger at his daughter’s disobedience”
fill (someone) with anger; provoke anger in
“he was angered that he had not been told”
“she was angered by his terse answer”
mentally ill; insane
“he felt as if he were going mad”
(of behaviour or an idea) extremely foolish; not sensible
“Antony’s mother told him he was mad to be leaving Dublin”
in a frenzied mental or physical state
“she pictured loved ones mad with anxiety about her”
“it was a mad dash to get ready”
(of a dog) rabid.
very enthusiastic about someone or something
“he’s mad about football”
“another myth is that Scorpios are sex-mad”
“don’t be mad at me”
“this author has mad skills with the written word”
“I got mad respect for him”
“he was mad cool—we immediately hit it off”
make (someone) mad
“had I but seen thy picture in this plight, it would have madded me”