
Analog (adjective)
in which the continuous(ly) variable physical quantity that can be measured (such as the shadow of a sundial)

Analog (noun)
something that bears an analogy to something else

Analog (noun)
an organ or structure that is similar in function to one in another kind of organism but is of dissimilar evolutionary origin

Analog (noun)
a structural derivative of a parent compound that often differs from it by a single element

Binary (adjective)
Being in a state of one of two mutually exclusive conditions such as on or off, true or false, molten or frozen, presence or absence of a signal.
“Binary states are often represented as 1 and 0 in computer science.”

Binary (adjective)
Concerning logic whose subject matter concerns binary states.

Binary (adjective)
Concerning numbers and calculations using the binary number system.

Binary (adjective)
Having two equally important parts; related to something with two parts.
“Two ingredients are combined in a binary poison.”
“A binary statistical distribution has only two categories.”

Binary (adjective)
Of an operation, function, procedure{{,}} or logic gate, taking exactly two operands, arguments, parameters{{,}} or inputs; having domain of dimension 2.
“Division of reals is a binary operation.”

Binary (adjective)
Of data, consisting coded values (e.g. machine code) not interpretable as plain or ASCII text (e.g. source code).
“He downloaded the binary distribution for Linux, then burned it to DVD.”

Binary (adjective)
Focusing on two mutually exclusive conditions.
“He has a very binary understanding of gender.”

Binary (noun)
A thing which can have only (one or the other of) two values.

Binary (noun)
The bijective base2 numeral system, which uses only the digits 0 and 1.

Binary (noun)
An executable computer file.

Binary (noun)
A satellite system consisting of two stars or other bodies orbiting each other.

Binary (adjective)
relating to, composed of, or involving two things.

Binary (adjective)
relating to, using, or denoting a system of numerical notation that has 2 rather than 10 as a base.

Binary (noun)
the binary system of notation
“the device is counting in binary”

Binary (noun)
something having two parts.

Binary (noun)
a binary star.