The main difference between Aerospace and Aviation is that the Aerospace is a engineering effort to fly in the atmosphere of Earth (aeronautics) and surrounding space (astronautics) and Aviation is a design, development, production, operation and use of aircraft.
Aerospace is the human effort in science, engineering, and business to fly in the atmosphere of Earth (aeronautics) and surrounding space (astronautics). Aerospace organizations research, design, manufacture, operate, or maintain aircraft or spacecraft. Aerospace activity is very diverse, with a multitude of commercial, industrial and military applications.
Aerospace is not the same as airspace, which is the physical air space directly above a location on the ground. The beginning of space and the ending of the air is considered as 100 km above the ground according to the physical explanation that the air pressure is too low for a lifting body to generate meaningful lift force without exceeding orbital velocity.
Aviation, or air transport, refers to the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry. Aircraft includes fixed-wing and rotary-wing types, morphable wings, wing-less lifting bodies, as well as lighter-than-air craft such as balloons and airships.
Aviation began in the 18th century with the development of the hot air balloon, an apparatus capable of atmospheric displacement through buoyancy. Some of the most significant advancements in aviation technology came with the controlled gliding flying of Otto Lilienthal in 1896; then a large step in significance came with the construction of the first powered airplane by the Wright brothers in the early 1900s. Since that time, aviation has been technologically revolutionized by the introduction of the jet which permitted a major form of transport throughout the world.
The atmosphere of the Earth and the region of space around it.
The industry concerned with aircraft, missiles, satellites and spacecraft.
Of, or relating to the Earth’s atmosphere and nearby space.
Of, or relating to the science, technology and industry associated with aircraft, missiles, satellites and spacecraft.
The art or science of making and flying aircraft.
Flying, operating, or operation of aircraft.
Industry that produces aircraft.
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