This list of ship directions explains dozens of related terms such as fore, aft, astern, aboard, or topside. For background, see below: Origins.
at or toward the stern of a ship, or further back from a location, e.g. the mizzenmast is abaft the mainmast.
onto or within a ship, or in a group.
a higher deck of the ship.
toward the stern (rear) of a ship.
floating in the water without propulsion.
resting on the shore or wedged against the sea floor.
with sails furled and helm lashed alee.
on or toward the lee (the downwind side).
the stacks, masts, rigging, or other area above the highest solid structure.
near the middle part of a ship.
toward the port side of a ship (opposite of “astarboard”).
on or towards the shore or land.
toward the starboard side of a ship (opposite of “aport”).
toward the rear of a ship (opposite of “forward”).
toward the sides of a ship.
toward the weather or windward side of a ship.
just clear of the sea floor, as with an anchor.
a lower deck of the ship.
inside or into a ship, or down to a lower deck.
the underwater part of a ship between the flat of the bottom and the vertical topsides
the lowest part of the ship’s hull.
bow or stem
front of a ship (opposite of “stern”)
an imaginary, central line drawn from the bow to the stern.
fore or forward
at or toward the front of a ship or further ahead of a location (opposite of “aft”)
attached inside the ship.
the bottom structure of a ship’s hull.
side or direction away from the wind (opposite of “windward”).
to an outside or muster deck (as “all hands on deck”).
somewhere on or in the ship.
attached outside the ship.
the left side of the ship, when facing forward (opposite of “starboard”).
the right side of the ship, when facing forward (opposite of “port”).
the rear of a ship (opposite of “bow”).
on the ship’s main weather deck.
a lower deck of a ship.
an end of a yard spar below a sail.
where the water surface meets the ship’s hull.
side or direction from which wind blows (same as “windward”).
side or direction from which wind blows (opposite of “leeward”).
On board; into or within a ship or boat; hence, into or within a railway car. First attested from around (1350 to 1470).page=6
“We all climbed aboard.”
On or onto a horse, a camel, etc. First attested in the late 19th century.
“To sling a saddle aboard.”
On base. First attested in the mid 20th century.
“He doubled with two men aboard, scoring them both.”
Into a team, group, or company. First attested in the mid 20th century.
“The office manager welcomed him aboard.”
Alongside. First attested from around (1350 to 1470).
“The ships came close aboard to pass messages.”
“The captain laid his ship aboard the enemy’s ship.”
On board of; onto or into a ship, boat, train, plane. First attested around 1350 to 1470.
“We all went aboard the ship.”
Onto a horse. First attested in the mid 20th century.
Across; athwart; alongside. Attested from the early 16th century until the late 17th century.
present participle of board
the act of people getting aboard a ship or aircraft; embarkation
the act of a sailor or boarding party attacking an enemy ship by boarding it
a structure made of boards
riding a skateboard
a penalty called for pushing into the boards